Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems - Coursework Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
"Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems" paper describes the major purpose of Internetworking that is sharing data and resources. Three types of networking exist. They are Local Area Network (LAN), Metropolitan Area Network (MAN), and Wide Area Network (WAN). …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.3% of users find it useful
Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems"

Download file to see previous pages It was introduced in one of the oldest wide area networks - ARPANET. It is a widely used architecture because most of the computers and networks are configured to follow this suite and it is open to all.

The TCP/IP reference model is a 4 layered model. The layers from top to bottom are Application Layer, Transport Layer, Internet Layer, and Host-to-Network Layer. A data in a computer is going to the network from the Application Layer to the Host-to-Network Layer through the intermediate layers. Data from the network is getting to an application in the reverse order.

Application Layer consists of certain higher-level protocols like TELNET (for remote login/ to get a virtual remote terminal), FTP (File Transfer Protocol), SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol), DNS (Domain Name System) protocols, etc. The protocols in this layer will produce messages smaller in size to become compatible with the Transport Layer for outward data flow and join the data messages to the original data for the application in case of an inward message.

Transport Layer consists the protocols like TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) and UDP (User Datagram Protocol). The reliability and error checking of the data is managed here. This layer is responsible for communication between two computers. 

The two versions of IP are IPv4 and IPv6.The lowest layer is the Host-to-Network Layer and this layer has direct contact with the networking hardware. The data in this layer will be in the form of frames or byte series. Few protocols like PPP (Point to Point Protocol) are available in this layer. One of the most useful services of TCP/IP is the naming service it provides. Information sharing and exchange on an Internetwork become easy and comfortable through this. The most widely used naming services are NIS (Network Information Service) and DNS (Domain Name System). NIS is used to provide information that has to be known throughout the network, to all machines on the network. There will be a NIS server to keep all the information for the NIS. In case of a UNIX system, the configuration files handled by NIS are /etc/group, /etc/hosts, /etc/netmasks, /etc/passwd, /etc/protocols, /etc/RPC, and /etc/services. For setting up NIS, we have to set up both the NIS Server and NIS Clients.

DNS is used for naming a host uniquely on a network, especially on the Internet. In this IP addresses of the computers or other interfaces are mapped to certain names with a typical naming strategy. Each group of similar computers is included in the same domain and the domains are created in a hierarchical manner e.g. for the top-level domains are .com, .net, .org, etc. The details of the naming are stored in the DNS Server as resource records. There are two types of mapping files. The forward mapping file is used to convert names to its IP addresses and a reverse mapping record is used to convert IP addresses to its symbolic names. The format of a resource record entry is as follows.
Name (variable length) type(16bits) class(16bits) ttl(32bits) data.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems Coursework, n.d.)
Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems Coursework.
(Internetworking Data Communication Between Various Systems Coursework)
Internetworking Data Communication Between Various Systems Coursework.
“Internetworking Data Communication Between Various Systems Coursework”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems

Systems, Process & Data Modeling

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Systems, Process and Data Modeling Submitted to, Submitted By, of the Submitted on, [February 16th, 14.  Discuss use-case modeling, how is it performed, what and why is it used? Explain each clearly.  The last two decades of the twentieth century proved to be the advent of the Unified Modeling Language. The UML can be narrated as “a language for specifying, visualizing and constructing the artifacts of software systems, as well as for business modeling.” (UML Document Set, 2001). On lighter note, the UML is a graphical means of depicting the design models with respect to specific environments. Use Case Modeling is a subset...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper

Internetworking Technology Paper

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Full Paper Internetworking Before constructing the network, star topology is considered for the design of the network, as it provides centralized administration and management with the integration of Microsoft’s directory services and domain controllers. For redundancy to ensure continuous network connectivity and operations, certain technologies are incorporated within the design of the network. Fig 1.1, as shown below will demonstrate every aspect of the Local area network design. Figure 1.1 (Network Design) As shown above, there are total 5 departments comprising of total 560 employees. In order to connect the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Distinction between Data, Information and Communication

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... between data, information and communication Data could be taken as raw material or raw facts. From my perspective data is representationof plain facts such as numbers of students in a class or in a school. Data is collection of discrete facts and figures which does not convey any meaning on its own. It can be either in the form of numbers, characters or even pictures. On the other hand, information could be defined as giving meaning to data. It means that information is transforming raw material into something useful with meaning (Linstead, Fulop, and Lilley, 2009). Both the concept could be explained with a simple example....
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Data Communication & the Cloud

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Lecturer: Topic: Data communication is a term used to refer to the exchange of data between two devices that happens via some form of transmission medium, could be a wire cable or internet medium, which are part of a system of the communicating devices made up of a combination of hardware – physical equipment – and software – programs installed on these devices that enable the effectiveness of data communication systems which depend on the characteristics such as delivery, accuracy, timeliness and jitter,1. Delivery system must deliver data to the correct destination and data must be received by the intended device or user...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Communication Systems

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... here and delete brackets] [place and delete brackets] [Place the lecture here and delete brackets] 23 March 2010 Pulse Code Modulation Pulse modulation converts the sample analog information signals into a discrete pulses which will then be transported from its source to certain destination via a physical transmission media. With the pulse code modulation (PCM), in order to transmit the sample information analog signal as an output, the signals are converted to a series of n-bit binary codes. Note that each code is the same in number of bits and each code requires the same amount of time in transmitting pulses from the sourc...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Data Communication and Networking

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Networking With continuous advancements in technology, networking now governs our lives. Its importance and application are so great that it cannot be neglected under any circumstances in any field of our lives. With the passage of time and increasing use of computers, gadgets, and other technologies, data has become one of the most precious assets that we have in our lives, organizations and businesses and the prime job of networking is communication of data from one place to another. In simplest terms, "a network is nothing more than two or more computers connected to each other so that they can exchange informati...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Data Communication and Networking

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Data Communication and networking 1a) VLAN Hopping VLAN hopping is a method of gaining entry to a network by sending packets to a port that cannot be accessed from an end system. The process occurs through utilization of the autotrunking feature in DTP or through frames that are embedded with double 802.1Q tags in switches. 1b) ARP Poisoning This attack takes place by poisoning/feeding the address resolution protocol by the attackers MAC address. When the attack is successful, the victim devices send all their information to the attacker as they communicate to other devices. 1c) MAC spoofing MAC spoofing entails the pro...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

IP Internetworking Assignment

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Protocol Internetworking Insert Insert XUM is an organization that has grown to have three branches in Houston region, San Francisco, and Denver area. Initially, it was solely located in San Francisco. XUM is made up of four departments inclusive of sales, finance, human resources and research and development. This project seeks to examine integration and Internet protocol address scheme of its original location. From the information obtained, we try to minimize the routing tables at the summarization points at Houston. Further, the project will establish a VLAN structure that will enable it to isolate the broadcast...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Various Methods of Data Analysis

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Introduction One of the key objectives of this in market research is to elaborate and detail the various methods and protocols followed in research. The purpose of this assignment is to aid in a practical application of various methods of data analysis. It also helps in understanding how to evaluate information from various sources to arrive at an overall conclusion. The key aspects of this assignment are Qualitative An understanding the various transcription protocols and assessing a sample transcription for accuracy Evaluation of the specific questions asked during the interview keeping in mind the overall objective of ...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Elevator Systems in Various Applications

...Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems... Systems in Various Applications Introduction In today’s world, elevator systems constitute a big percentage of systems of transportation that are extensively adopted. These systems are applied in the transportation of both people and goods from a singular location to another. Additionally, they are applied in numerous varying places. For instance, there are elevators used for solely transporting goods and they are mostly found in factories and generally in areas where there is extensive use of engines. On the other hand, there are other on-board elevator systems that are primarily for transporting people. They are instituted...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Internetworking Data Communication between Various Systems for FREE!

Contact Us