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In addition, investigators of second language use diverse methods with origins such as acquisition of child language, linguistics, psychology and sociology among others. This…
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Assignment 4
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Inter-language Data Collection Researchers of second language always work with data though it is complex to know the origins of data. In addition, investigators of second language use diverse methods with origins such as acquisition of child language, linguistics, psychology and sociology among others. This paper discusses various ways of data collection, their merits and demerits. It also portrays how the methods are controversial.
Language Tests
Language tests involve assessment of individuals on their capability in a particular language and those who need to improve their skills in speaking, listening, writing and reading. It is vital during data collection for the researcher to perform the criteria to know the best languages to be during the interview. Conversely, it requires translator, who are difficult to get.
Psychological Tests
Psychological analysis is a way of measuring ones performance on a job in a standardized and objective manner. It uses a test score used to establish an individual’s performance, for instance, an examination for students. The advantage of the process is that the assessment enables the researcher to determine the abnormal and normal personality. On the contrary, there are individuals who can perform a duty so well without being subjected to such tests when it comes to practicality.
Questionnaires
Questionnaires are applicable in scenarios that require sentences response to an event or an utterance’s interpretations that are contained in the description of the event. Its advantage is that it is not so expensive and can quickly be direct to many participants (Schauer, pg 8). Its disadvantage is that only written and specific instructions can be to the participants, which also rely on the participants’ imaginations.
Attitudinal Ratings
It is the use of surveys or questionnaires to examine attitudes in individuals as various measures are used to determine what causes likes and dislikes in people. Its merit is that it provides designed portfolios with additional information on how to check on attitudes. On he other hand, its demerit is that its accuracy will only depend on the collected data even if it’s a false statement.
Elicited Imitation
Oral discourse elicitation is a data collection technique that allows researchers highly to control the context type of events they intend to extract as they research on data that is oral. Elicited imitation includes role-plays and conversations. The merit of conversations done orally is that they provide data orally. On the other hand, role-play is advantageous in that the participants are the events’ details. Their main demerit is that they don’t give the researcher time to investigate requests and complaints as in the case with questionnaires. The demerit of role-plays is that it is so much involving on the side of the speaker when a supporting context is missing.
Spontaneous data
The data collection involves conversations of face-to-face where the researcher gets to interview the participants. Its advantage is that both the parties develop a mutual relationship toward each other thus the data collection process becomes easier. On the other hand, its disadvantage can arise when the participant becomes uneasy and not willing to give every detail to the researcher.
Language Games
The process involves learning a language through use of digital games that are based on-line. It involves the interaction between learners and their educators regarding the learning of the students. The underlying merit is that it involves both the student and the researcher in practical processes that are entertaining to learn and get data (Schauer, p12). Contrary, it becomes difficult to select the right game for the study. Moreover, It is cumbersome to incorporate the game and the topic of study.
Intuitions
Intuition involves the act based on knowledge and experience of something gained over a number of years. Its main undoing is that is biased to cognition as expertise can make people drive away great ideas. Its advantage is that an individual is always encouraged to work with their new ideas and beliefs.
To conclude, acquisition of data entails several processes that the researcher undergoes as he collects data, as every method is distinct from another.
Work Cited
Schauer, Gila A. Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Study Abroad Context. London: Continuum Intl, 2009. Print. Read More
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