To what extent has the UKs Vocational Education and Training (VET) system contributed to a skills gap Discuss with reference to the UKs potential to learn from other countries VET systems
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5). Despite that, UK still continues to suffer from a skills gap that has affected its high economy. 3
This paper provides arguments that establish the participation degree played by the UK national VET system in bridging the skills gap. The aim is not to provide a theoretical analysis of UK’s performance, but rather to reference performance frameworks to Australian and Germany VET systems by establishing what can be learnt. 3
The term Vocational education and training (VET) originates from the content and purpose of the training. International bodies define VET as the means of preparing occupation professional fields for effective participation in the labour market (Bosch and Charest 2010, p. 1). However, this definition may not fit the current educational dimension that is characterised by university education that also prepares individuals for the workforce under specific professions. Thus, while higher education is concerned with the preparation to the labour market, vocational training is more concerned with earlier specialization for an occupational field. For this paper, we shall adopt Brockmann’s (2008 p, 2). Definition of VET an integrated and comprehensive system aimed to offer learners the ability to act competently within an occupation. 6
VET helps to match individual skills with labour force and existing market needs, equips individuals with lower levels of education with developed skills that can enable them fit into the expanding global economy that has introduced competition among countries. Vocational training also empowers young and inexperienced employees with ‘job ready’ skills, and develops a high skilled labour force that encourages and country investments by increasing economic growth (OECD 2011, p.7). 6
The universal decisive shift from holistic to vocational training in recent years has induced the UK to seek initiatives that aim at addressing her
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One important feature of the UK government policy is that “the case for state investment is strongest for young people and those with low skills” (BIS 2010a, p. 4). In particular, the focus is on “young people aged 19 up to 24” (BIS 2010a, p. 4). However, “the further education resource budget will be reduced by 25%” (BIS 2010a, p. 4).
These two approaches provide the design of VET systems on different logics. In the first model, a market of qualifications makes people to be more employable by having certified sets of competences. These levels of knowledge can be achieved through experience in various places of work or even through the educational system.
It can also play a very crucial role in resolving some societal concerns with regard to workforce planning. Australia’s VET system is noted to be among the world’s most sophisticated systems as it is not only industry-led where the various concerns impacting the society and industry shape it, but is also nationally managed and is focused on the needs of the clients as it enables individuals to gain the necessary required and relevant knowledge and skills (OECD, 2009; Reilly, 2010).
The program receives government support and focuses on offering the students more than the usual curriculum can offer. It is important to note that in Australia, there is a high rate of school dropping out before year 12. Institution of the vocational and training programs aimed at preparing students for the workplace.
(UK’s Economic Issues) Question 1a Unemployment in the UK Economic Performance for the Past Five Years The state of unemployment in any given country has a number of impacts in a country’s economy. Uk has not been spared on this issue either. Though the statistics for the last five years have shown a declining trend, fluctuations have been observed.
Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labour force. The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil reserves; primary energy production accounts for 10% of GDP, one of the highest shares of any industrial nation.
Racial minorities in the UK, especially blacks, must experience the justice system not as a safeguard to their safety and security but rather as a threat. “Since at least the post-World War II black immigration into Britain, studies and official statistics have shown that on comparing socioeconomic indicators such as employment, housing, and education, black people are more marginalized than other racial groups.” (Kalunta-Crumpton, 2000).
Further, it has a significant function to discharge in respect of its involvement in the Government's strategy for advancing sustainable development. Before the commencement of most forms of development in the UK planning permission is essential. In Great Britain land use planning is the express domain of local authorities.
According to the report the schools are not operated by the federal government as each state has a Department of Education that lays down guidelines to be followed by the schools within their respective jurisdictions. These and many other differences give the American education system some pros and cons.
05) are of the opinion that cultural factors influence the reaction of the patients to fatal illnesses such cancer and the decisions made concerning end-of-life care. For the case of Ella, she clearly believes in the use and application of alternative and complementary
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