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Cross-Cultural Communication and Hofstede's Cultural Dimension in Employee Motivation - Term Paper Example

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The paper “Cross-Cultural Communication and Hofstede’s Cultural Dimension in Employee Motivation” investigates the effects of motivation strategies through empowerment of Chinese employees in Macau hotels, argues how cooperation, power distance, and other support can enhance employee performance…
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Cross-Cultural Communication and Hofstedes Cultural Dimension in Employee Motivation
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Download file to see previous pages Employee motivation refers to what drives people to be attracted to their work. Intrinsic motivation pertains to how individuals are attracted to work “in and of itself,” while extrinsic motivation refers to being engaged with work because of external variables, such as management support and the organizational rewards system and practices (Dewett, 2007, p.198). The main tools of analyses for this paper come from Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions and Deutsch’s (1973) theory of cooperation and competition. The subject matter is motivation and the country analyzed is Macau. Organizations that participated were Chinese firms. Motivation strategies through empowerment for Chinese employees in Macau hotels moderately support the perceived effects of high Power Distance (PDI) (Hofstede, 2012) and relates to how empowerment includes cooperation and other external support that can enhance employee performance (Humborstad et al., 2008).
Psychological empowerment consists of “the additive effects, or gestalt of three separate dimensions validated by Spreitzer (1995)” and these dimensions are “impact, competence, and self-determination” (Drake, Wong, and Salter, 2007, p.72).
Employee motivation refers to what drives people to be attracted to their work. Intrinsic motivation pertains to how individuals are attracted to work “in and of itself,” while extrinsic motivation refers to being engaged with work because of external variables (Dewett, 2007, p.198). Examples of intrinsic motivation are pleasure and entertainment attained from jobs.
PDI symbolizes “the degree to which the less powerful members of a society accept and expect that power is distributed unequally” (Hofstede, 2012). Power distance stands for the nation’s score in how they deal with social inequality (Hofstede, 2012). Inequality happens in areas of fame, wealth, and power, and different societies provide different weights on the consistency for these areas of inequalities (Hofstede, 2012).
Values are “desired end states or standards by which persons evaluate the experience, and are largely defined in terms of their importance to the individual” (Hattrup, Mueller, and Joens, 2007, p.480). They can affect human behavior, attitudes, perceptions, and choices (Hattrup, Mueller, and Joens, 2007, p.480). They may be part of cultural values or may be more strongly based on organizational values.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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