Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Organizational performance has been an issue of intensive and extensive studies.Organizations have gone to the heights of conducting self-research in order to ensure maximization of the available human capital…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results"

Download file to see previous pages At the beginning of the 20th Century, large businesses in America began the adoption of scientific management, an idea initiated by Fredrick Taylor. His idea involved the division of tasks into small portions that would be done by the employees like automatons. These studies have varied to include the effects of the physical environment on the workforce in an effort to ensure maximum productivity. Western Electric Company conducted studies in their Hawthorne plant to establish the relationship between productivity and the influence of the physical conditions. The initial studies began around November 1924 where they evaluated the social effects as well as the experimenter effects. Elton Mayo, who became a professor of industrial research at Harvard later on, supervised the studies (Mayo 64). The initial studies focused on the influence of lighting on the productivity of the workers. Two groups of employees were involved in this study; one group’s lighting was varied while the control group’s lighting remained under the same conditions. When light remained constantly unchanged the two groups demonstrated the same level of productivity. Lighting in the test group was reduced, a situation that raised complains among the group members (Steven and John 5). To further demonstrate the effect, the researchers changed the bulbs daily in the presence of the workers. Despite the bulbs replaced being the same, some improvement in productivity was noticeable in the test group. The findings were that the group with improved lighting demonstrated an improved productivity compared to the control group. In explaining the findings, the researchers concluded that the workers felt motivated by the changes. To the workers, the change was a demonstration that the management was concerned about them. The mental stimulation that they were being treated in a special way encouraged them to be active in their work. Another study was conducted in the relay assembly Test Room using six workers who had worked for the company for some time. Five of them were set to work in the assembling area while the sixth was to supply them with the parts they would require. The study was to focus on the effects of changing the working arrangements on the employees’ productivity (Gale 439). The researchers introduced various variables such as breaks, reduced working hours, and provision of food during the breaks. The breaks were varied, initially they were introduced to two-five minutes break that was done according to their suggestion. This was later changed to two-ten minutes breaks, during this period productivity was seen to improve. Consequently, the researchers adjusted the breaks to six-five minute breaks, these did not go well with the employees, they complained and their total productivity that was measured by the total output reduced (Franke and Kaul 625). Reduction of the total working hours by thirty minutes depicted an increased level of productivity, further reduction showed an increase in hourly output but the total output per day was drastically reduced. The researchers concluded that the feeling of the employees was that their work was being checked individually. Therefore, the workers were motivated by working as a group, having supervisors that were concerned about their welfare and having a special treatment in the workplace. Another aspect under observation was the social effect and its influence on productivity. This study was done in a bank wiring room where the workers were subjected to the assembling of telephone switching equipment, a task that involved the processes of wiring, soldering, and inspection. At the initial stages of the study, the workers were not open to the observer and had limited ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results Research Paper”, n.d.)
Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1494461-a-brief-discretion-of-the-hawthorne-studies-and
(Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results Research Paper)
Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1494461-a-brief-discretion-of-the-hawthorne-studies-and.
“Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1494461-a-brief-discretion-of-the-hawthorne-studies-and.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Bananas - description
Subgroup 1. Cavendish A. Dwarf Cavendish B. Giant Cavendish C. Bungulan IV. Food Uses A. Raw. B. Boiled or baked. C. Preserved. V. Nutritional Value A. Low in fat, cholesterol, and sodium B. Good source of potassium, fiber, and vitamin B6. VI. Contrasts and comparisons VII.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Contriversal Thesis on Nathaniel Hawthorne
It is only through the illustration of the weakness of human beings that individuals are able to portray the relevance to the story that unfolds before us through gauging our inner selves. This is exactly the situation that Nathaniel Hawthorne the “American Romance” novelist wanted to experience when he wrote “The Scarlet Letter” novel.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Assignment Description
It elaborately explains what human resource in fact is all about. This book has been prepared from the standpoint of the management. How an employee can be selected, his training and development, appraisal and improving performance, compensation and so on are explained here in with the help of typical examples.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Critical thinking (studies and results)
and it makes one a better thinker in every aspect of life: in career, and as a consumer, citizen, friend, parent, and lover. “Critical thinking is the disciplined art of ensuring that you use the best thinking you are capable of in any set of circumstances.” (Paul and Elder, 7) Therefore, the role of critical thinking in personal life is indubitable and “good critical skills can also help one make wise decisions.” (Hitchcock, 4) It is fundamental to recognize that critical thinking can contribute considerably to one’s overall success in personal life as well as professional life.
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Hawthorne Studies and Experiments
It is a rare phenomenon when any modernization in one field could bring revolution in almost every aspect. A highly motivated and enthusiastic person can bring significant rewards for the organization like a good and efficient captain can navigate the ship to its destination.
12 Pages(3000 words)Book Report/Review
Nathaniel hawthorne
As a consequence, it enabled the author to steer his tales and the characterization of his heroes and villains towards what one would expect to find in daily life. This paper will explore this dimension
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The effect the Hawthorne Studies has had on contemporary management
Effective management led to the flourishing of past kingdoms, while poor management resulted in the collapse of Kingdoms and empires in the past. Similarly, today, companies consider management as an important factor that highly influences the performance of the company.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Symbolism inThe Birthmark by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The purpose of the essay is to elaborate on the elements of symbolism in ‘the bithmark. At The beginning of the story, Aylmer is witnessed to have an unnatural obsession concerning a birthmark on the cheek of Georgina. One night, Aylmer dreams of eliminating
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Hester notices his long-gone husband who cried out that the partner to Hester in the adulterous act should also be punished he embarked on a mission to look for that partner. Hester is later released and to earn a living she did
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Job Description
In accepting such honor and huge responsibility, I am left with the task of finding my replacement so as not to disrupt the smooth flow of operations in our company. I am fully aware of the sensitivity of that position because it directly deals with workers in the company.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Description of the Hawthorne Studies and What Were the Results for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us