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ople realized the need of societal reforms hence challenging the authority exercised by traditional institutions such as the Catholic Church whose influence was deeply and widely rooted in society.
Philosophers who influenced people’s thinking and reasoning through their work during The Enlightenment included: , John Locke, Francis Bacon, René Descartes and Isaac Newton among others (Perry, 2013). The era of enlightenment coincided with the scientific revolution led by Isaac Newton (NatilusMaker, n.d.). Literacy increased as a result of people deviating from religious texts and instead embracing new ideas especially from publications by philosophers. According to Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher who strongly opposed idealism, The Enlightenment was a manifestation of the schism that was greatly influenced by Martin Luther (Carey, 2015).
The Enlightenment also takes into account the inclination of people towards democracy that was vigorously fought for in the 16th Century. It was influenced by the desire of Protestants to break away from the Catholic Church (Perry, 2013). Initially, democracy was only enjoyed by the elite class until the 19th Century when the emergence of political movements necessitated democratic citizenship. These moves contributed to what is seen today as freedom of speech. Formation of political parties to fight for human rights began as early as the 1500s. By the 1600s, political representation had taken course leading to the development of binding political instruments such as Habeas Corpus Act (1679).
Colonization is yet another factor that contributes to The Enlightenment. America for instance was colonized by Europeans who had also settled in other parts of the world. By the 16th Century, competition to venture into new territories by colonies had become immense. It is only after American Revolutionary in 1783 that America gained independence and developed their first constitution in 1788 (Perry, 2013). Many other colonized
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Discussion Generally the time span of the age of enlightenment lies between the 16th and 17th century scientific revolution to the French revolution of the 19th century. The scientific revolution formed various scientific societies that worked towards the advancement in scientific research.
This spurred debates on whether Black people were inherently less intelligent than White people or it was the effect of slavery that their intellectual abilities remained hidden from the White people. Many Black people like Phillis Wheatley and Benjamin Banneker played an important role in shaking the foundations of Black slavery and in making the concerned authorities and the government realize that Black slavery is oppression and unjustified on the grounds of both ethics and religion.
The enlightenment age is most of the time known as the age of rationality or famously known as the age of reason. This a period which was confluence by a number of activities and ideas which led to many discoveries which took place during the eighteenth century through to the nineteenth century in the entire Europe, in American colonies, and in England.
The aspects reflected are reason, experimentation, a belief in science, freedom of thought, and the acquisition of knowledge. He believes that government and legal coercion prevent the discovery of truth, by supporting mistaken thinking. Governments therefore may support errors, the truth supports itself.
For example, a bird was a bird to an individual in the enlightenment age, but to a modernist the bird could stand for freedom. The enlightenment movement based reality on facts, whereas the modernist based reality on
Maturity can be self-developed or self-imposed as well as developed with the help of others. When a person shows courage to demonstrate his understandings, he can be labeled as an enlightened person. In other words, a person will become enlightened when he was able to segregate between good and evil and demonstrate his learning in front of others.
Having the courage to engage ones own understanding is the motto for enlightenment. When immaturity becomes mans nature, it is difficult for such a man to work out of such a situation. He becomes accustomed to
In this regard, this essay will highlight the significant reforms initiated by the two leaders that had great impact on the society.
To start with, Frederic II initiated significant administrative, social and economical reforms in
of Neoclassicism movement, Jacques-Louis David and Jean-François-Pierre Peyron, advocating sharp primary colors as well as bold symmetrical lines that were common in the architectural of ancient Greece. The impacts of neoclassical architecture were apparent in Habana Jieva and
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