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2 traditional Chinese history questions. 2pages for each question - Essay Example

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It was the second royal dynasty of China, succeeding the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC). The dynasty was split into two: the era of Former Han (202 BC – 9 AD) and that of the Later Han (25–220 AD). The…
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2 traditional Chinese history essay questions. 2pages for each question
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Download file to see previous pages As the top-most military commander of the army he used the military to flaunt his power and force his policies across the society. The end result was diminished power of the local governments and a strengthened centralized authority.
As soon as the dynasty came to power, semi-autonomous kings at the local level threatened the authority of the central government under the emperor (Shu-hui 121). But in response, the emperor and the central authorities substantially weakened the influence of the regional administrators by directing the imperial court to implement reforms. Such actions were in response to serious challenges to the central authority by regionally-instigated movements such as the Rebellion of the Seven States.
The emperor was the chief appointing officer; all government employees with at least 600 heaps of grain in pay were appointed by him with the assistance of the advisors, who assessed the qualification of each candidate (Shu-hui 122). The empress dowager served as the emperors real or figurative mother, and was practically more influential than the holder of the throne. By virtue of her ability to override the emperor’s decisions, power was technically held by the two at the expense of regional administrations. The emperor could occasionally delegate his executive powers to a member of the central government, especially when some criminals needed to be executed extra-judicially but the emperor was ill-prepared to carry the baggage.
According to Shu-hui, Han managed to centralize power for exercising by the top-most members of the bureaucracy, who were charged with executing out advisory opinion, censorial duties, policymaking, and judicial functions in administering the kingdom (152). The top bureaucrats comprised of cabinet ministers known by the title Excellency, leaders of huge specialized departments called the Nine Ministers, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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