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In this light, there have evolved several theories trying to explain the origin of the state from several historians and scholars. Some of these theories give unsatisfactory records of events, while others have been unanimously accepted by different people as the sources of a satisfactory explanation of the origin of the state.
There are different scholars who have put their efforts to research and come up with the theories to explain the origin of the state. There are different models that these scholars have put in place to explain the foundations of their researches. Given the fact that every scholar must validate their researches to make their theoretical models products of the intellectual environment in which they live, there are assumptions that must accompany each theory. The main aim of this paper is to discuss and analyze two theories that explain the origin of the state. Each theory will showcase the model used in it, the assumptions and the evidence of archeology and history of civilization.
Many classical writers like Aristotle considered the state to be natural. Therefore, it did not require any explanation to its origin (Carneiro, The Evolution of Horticultural Systems in Native South America: Causes and Consequences 47-67). However, during the age of exploration, Europeans were made aware of the fact that people lived not in states, but in villages or tribes. This factor made the state look less natural; therefore, more explanation were required to shade light on the origin of the state. Amongst the many theories of the state origin that have been proposed, only few are normally considered and referred to in scholarly use. There are, for example, those theories with racial attachments, which have thoroughly been discredited. The belief that the state is an expression of the ‘genius of people, or that it came about through historical accident, are rejected, and theories with such basis are disregarded (Lanning 59).
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This is the extent to which the society is connected. Some of the activities that a society may engage in include celebration of events such as birth, marriage and death. Some societies involve in activities that may generate income for the whole community.
4. Sources of information Printed information Oral information Electronic information Research journals WHO literature Pamphlets issued by the Police Pamphlets issued by the Driving Law enforcement authorities Interviews with the regulatory authorities Interviews with the police Interviews with doctors Interviews with individuals who have attempted to drive after consuming alcohol.
This paper seeks to the level of decentralization required within government institutions to enhance democracy in states. Democracy and decentralization is very essential in every state, for numerous reasons. First, the global economy is in an era where there are consistent structural adjustments and persistent economic issues, thus national governments in developing countries tend to reduce some of the services they provide to their citizensi.
A research by WPO revealed that in every five in a group of six nations object the presence of NATO and U.S forces in Afghanistan. However, the poll of ABC/BBC in 2009 reported that 68 percent of Afghans were pleased with the presence of U.S forces in their country1.
To make the achievability of the report’s aim feasible, a number of methods of analysis were used. Collectively, the methods of analysis can be grouped as being qualitative and quantitative. Specifically however, financial ratio trends and industry comparatives, capital spending, stock growth, credit rating service valuations, bond rating valuations among others were all catered for.
According to the discussion the progress of mankind has coincided with drastic modifications in the socioeconomic and political structure of society which not only impact the functioning of several variables in the macro environment but also transform the foundations of social institutions by promoting new norms and values.
Although it is affected by the State and the marketplace and vice versa; Antonio Gramsci contends that civil society is a place which provides a means of challenging ideological supremacy. This implies that, although separate
So a company that is ethical is one that can discern the right actions from the wrong ones and thus come up with the right decisions to tackle some problem that is inherent (Shaw, 2008). It is the duty of the
and Nahin, R.L. (2008), Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007 National health statistics reports, (12), National Center for Health Statistics.
Devanesen, D., (20000. Traditional Aboriginal Medicine Practice in the Northern
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