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China: Why has China shifted course so frequently in its post-1949 quest for political integration and economic growth and with what consequences for China - Research Paper Example

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The Chinese dynasties that reigned before 1949 contributed to different levels in the development of modern day China. The collapse of the dynastic period between 1911 and 1912…
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China: Why has China shifted course so frequently in its post-1949 quest for political integration and economic growth and with what consequences for China
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China: Why has China shifted course so frequently in its post-1949 quest for political integration and economic growth and with what consequences for China

Download file to see previous pages... The developments that followed 1949 were a mixture of fortunes and disasters for China even as the Chinese leaders kept changing policies midway to meet different goals.
The year 1949 saw the Communist Party of China (CPC) under the leadership of Mao Tse-tung win the battle against the nationalist party, KMT. In October, the same year, Mao Tse-tung proclaimed himself founder of the People’s Republic of China even as the leaders and supporters of KMT retreated to the island of Taiwan1. Mao consolidated his powers as leader of the country and begun the long path toward reshaping the People’s Republic of China. The period preceding 1949 had seen China suffer humiliation under unfavorable treaties impost by Western powers and Japan. In an effort to rid Chinese of its problems, Mao decided to institute sweeping changes in the country, opting not to rely on conservative solutions2.
One of the changes that Tse-dong introduced in the republic was on land. The land reforms saw all private land change ownership; all land belonged to the government which could decide how it was distributed and used. According to an inner-party directive by Mao Tse-tung in regard to land reforms in the country, peasants were to be directed to cultivate wheat fields in line with the united will3. The move to claim and control all land was hailed by peasants who felt that they were being oppressed by rich tenants. On the other hand, tenants and wealthy peasants aired their discontentment concerning the new policy considering that they were bound to lose a lot of their heard-earned wealth. In this respect, the policy on land reforms as instituted by Tse-tung was a major cause for division among the people of China, especially among members of different social classes. In the early 1950s, many of the tenants and wealthy peasants were beaten to death by the masses even as their land was given to poorer peasants.
At the same time, many businessmen, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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