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"China: Why has China shifted course so frequently in its post-1949 quest for political integration and economic growth and with what consequences for China"
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The developments that followed 1949 were a mixture of fortunes and disasters for China even as the Chinese leaders kept changing policies midway to meet different goals.
The year 1949 saw the Communist Party of China (CPC) under the leadership of Mao Tse-tung win the battle against the nationalist party, KMT. In October, the same year, Mao Tse-tung proclaimed himself founder of the People’s Republic of China even as the leaders and supporters of KMT retreated to the island of Taiwan1. Mao consolidated his powers as leader of the country and begun the long path toward reshaping the People’s Republic of China. The period preceding 1949 had seen China suffer humiliation under unfavorable treaties impost by Western powers and Japan. In an effort to rid Chinese of its problems, Mao decided to institute sweeping changes in the country, opting not to rely on conservative solutions2.
One of the changes that Tse-dong introduced in the republic was on land. The land reforms saw all private land change ownership; all land belonged to the government which could decide how it was distributed and used. According to an inner-party directive by Mao Tse-tung in regard to land reforms in the country, peasants were to be directed to cultivate wheat fields in line with the united will3. The move to claim and control all land was hailed by peasants who felt that they were being oppressed by rich tenants. On the other hand, tenants and wealthy peasants aired their discontentment concerning the new policy considering that they were bound to lose a lot of their heard-earned wealth. In this respect, the policy on land reforms as instituted by Tse-tung was a major cause for division among the people of China, especially among members of different social classes. In the early 1950s, many of the tenants and wealthy peasants were beaten to death by the masses even as their land was given to poorer peasants.
At the same time, many businessmen, and
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China Economic Growth Since 1949 Impressive economic achievements of the PRC are second largest in the world. Republic of china is the fastest growing economy having consistent growth rates of around 10% over the past 30 years. China is largest exporter and 2nd largest importer worldwide.
As it is shown in the essay, even with huge upheavals in the western world with hundreds of banks and institutions collapsing, the Chinese economy has proved resilient, none of the banks collapsed, and the economy continued its growth. The main basis of such financial stability was the robust trade that China has taken up since the past decades.
With the constant consumption of these resources at an alarming pace, depletion of natural resources is becoming a very renowned term. Retaining the planet’s vitality is proportional to the resources we conserve. The pattern of resource consumption in China is such that it is consuming resources like farmland, water and timber with twice more frequency than their efforts directed towards these resources’ renewal for development purposes.
All these impressions are not wrong; China has been a symbol of centeredness for centuries largely because of the Westerns’ translation of china’s name for itself Zhongguo, as ‘Middle Kingdom’ or ‘The centre of the world’ (Elegant 1968). Unaware of the western countries, China gave itself this name thinking that it was the centre of civilization.
China’s economy is highly developed than that one of India. While India is the 11th biggest economy in terms of the various exchange rates (Chow, 2001). China takes the number two position passing Japan (Runckel, 2002). In comparison of the estimated $1.3123 trillion Gross Domestic Product of India, China posses an average GDP of close to $4909.28 billion (Chow, 2001).
Statistics show that there are more than fifty ethnic groups that call China home. China has a population of 1.34 billion people. There is no official religion in China due to the fact that it is a communist state. Half of the population in China do not have any religious affiliations and in some cases identify themselves as atheists.
ation of Chinese Yuan, and the entire system of the country has captured the attention of international companies, particularly from North America and Canada. After the membership of the World Trade Organization, the developing country has turned into competitive field against
The Communist ideology asserts that society should be established to ensure an equitable and fair distribution of resources, including production output and tangible land resources, that will liberate the working man from arduous and alienating labor in an effort to explore their own lifestyle ideas and value-added social activities (Holmes, 2009).
However, China has now put into place five principles that were articulated through the Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai in 1953, which were
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