The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Locke believes that human beings are born free and equal; nature provides everyone with rights and governments are only formed to protect existing rights. This is different from Hobbes’…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke"

The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke hold different opinions on political authority. Locke believes that human beings are born free and equal; nature provides everyone with rights and governments are only formed to protect existing rights. This is different from Hobbes’ assumption that humankind is evil by nature and chaotic if left uncontrolled. Therefore, Hobbes advocates for absolute rule. Judging the two philosophers, the form of political authority that Locke favors is unrealistic.
Hobbes believes that humankind is constantly faced by the threat of mayhem as everyone strives to satisfy their passions. As a result, formation of a government with total power is necessary for men to coexist peacefully. Such a government is formed by people who transfer their liberty for safety. People obey the laws formed by the government, which stands between them and their state of chaos, and they do not have the right to overthrow the government (Ladenburg, 2007).
On the contrary, Locke believes that people are born free with rights to dispose their properties. According to Locke, people form a government to protect their possessions, and they can regain their liberty if the government breaches the law of society. However, following the events that happened in Libya, Locke’s opinion is misguided. After Gaddafi’s fall in Libya, democracy has not yielded much. The country is controlled by armed militias, and the economy is deteriorating. Libya’s state under Gaddafi’s ‘authoritarian’ rule was better than the current ‘democratic’ rule.
In conclusion, absolute democracy is unattainable in the presence of many people. Different people pursue different goals, which are likely to be conflicting, and this throws the society into a state of disorder. Human liberty needs to be controlled for a peaceful and progressive world.
Ladenburg, T. (2007). By What Right. Retrieved October 15, 2014, from Digital History : Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Assignment”, n.d.)
The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Assignment. Retrieved from
(The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Assignment)
The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Assignment.
“The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Assignment”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thomas Hobbes

...?Section a. Thomas Hobbes wrote about the condition of Human Nature and its consequences. In the passage, the condition referred to by Hobbes is the condition of war between man and man. In the text, Hobbes indicated several attitudes innate to human beings which potentially lead themselves to war with one another. b. Ironically, the search of equality and having been able to attain it is initially the reason why war occurs. Hobbes noted that “if any two men desire the same thing which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies” (Hobbes par. 3) considering that they only aim for it for their own conservation and delectation...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Compare and contrast the two philosophers: John locke and Thomas Hobbes

...?Comparison and Contrast between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes: This paper is primarily based on the comparison and contrast between myriad philosophical theories presented by the renowned philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Different philosophers have presented different theories and ideas to make the blurred image of various concepts like natural rights, property, democracy, society, security, laws, etc., understandable. They have differed on many aspects while asserting the existence and significance of these concepts. Where...
1 Pages(250 words)Dissertation

Compare and contrast the two philosophers of politics: John locke and Thomas Hobbes

...? LOCKE AND HOBBES AS PHILOSOPHERS OF POLITICS by Presented to of the of the of of the City and State] May 25, 2011 Introduction The aim of the present essay is to compare and contrast the political philosophy of John Locke (1632-1704) and Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), eminent thinkers whose ideas defined the further development of early modern political thought. The comparison between their theories will be made through detailed expositions of their general arguments, and through contrast between them. It will be argued that, while Locke placed utmost importance on the idea of natural rights,...
16 Pages(4000 words)Term Paper

Thomas Hobbes

..."So that in the nature of man, we find three principall causes for quarell. First Competition; Secondly, Diffidence; Thirdly Glory."(Hobbes 185) In Chapter XIII, Hobbes describes man as "equall" and the difference between man and man is not so considerable. However, Prudence makes such an "equality incredible" as it asserts a kind of vain concept within man that he is to a greater degree "more equal" (Like Animal Farm by George Orwell) than the Vulgar. Interestingly, Hobbes describes that from the equality rise all the feelings of diffidence, anticipation and the will to a common power, which in used in "acts of conquest", which man always "pursue farther" than what is generally required....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

...Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Between Thomas Hobbes' and John Locke's views on peace, it may be asserted that Hobbes' understanding is more convincing because he takes general human behavior through history into consideration, and asserts that there is no guarantee how human beings will act in the absence of rule of law. This understanding contrasts considerably with John Locke's view that is more considerate of belief and moral judgment, though Locke does assert that fear of a divine being is important to make sure that individuals take the right decisions. Theories that apply to social life encompass understanding of human nature. Fundamentally, it is human nature that is focused upon in such theories... , and this...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Hobbes and Locke

...thus takes theological knowledge and reinterprets it to conform to his determination of natural facts and philosophical conclusions. The Fourth Part: Of the Kingdom of Darkness, engages in deflating false religious beliefs and argues that the political implementation of the Leviathanic state is necessary to achieve a secure Christian commonwealth. He denounces the idea that the Kingdom of God was the present Church and calls them deceivers who by their erroneous doctrines "disprepare" men "for the kingdom of God to come." (Hobbes, 378) John Locke in his "Two Treaties of Government" (1689) recommends that the endeavor of a government should to provide liberty and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke/pro John Locke

...Thomas Hobbes and John Locke stand out as two of the most prominent and influential of the political philosophers. Both are ified as social contract theorists but Hobbes, whose work predates Locke's by approximately one century, was the polar opposite of the latter. Indeed, it would hardly be an exaggeration were one to claim that the one's theory is the antithesis of the other's. The aforementioned is evidenced in the fact that both had very different notions of human nature and, accordingly, of the rationale behind the entry of citizens into a social contract, the implications of the said contracts and the rights of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Social Contract Theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke which they voluntarily consented, they created the state for the purpose of promoting and preserving their natural rights to life, liberty and property. It was John Locke who painted a picture of liberty of citizens and authority of government in tones which were far moderate than that of Thomas Hobbes. Men in a state of nature could make use of their perfect freedom for their own good, since they were reasonable men. To John Locke, men did not abuse their Liberty. They did not threaten the lives of their neighbors. He wrote: Though this is a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of license. The state of nature of nature has a law...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes

...Hobbes Chapter 13 – 16 Summary In the first of these chapters, Hobbes argues that men are formed of a series of appetites and aversions. Although these vary from man to man, overall man is essentially equal. He uses the example of strength to illustrate this, commenting that even if one man is strong, he can still be killed by a weak man who can use poison or other means to compensate for his weakness. Men desire the same things, but often not all people can have everything they want. They therefore envy each other and fight between each other and this is what causes war. This is what Hobbes believes is the natural ‘state of nature’. Only societies and governments stop this from being a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Social Contract Theory

...Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Social Contract Theory 20th, December John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were social theorists responsible for the development of the social contract theory. This theory mainly suggests the formation of a stable society is influenced by people’s moral responsibilities, which rely on their collective agreement. These two social theorists use the social contract theory to explain how the government phenomenon rose to existence. The perceptions in their individual social contrast theory emanate from their works in Political Philosophy. John Locke...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke for FREE!

Contact Us