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As a result, formation of a government with total power is necessary for men to coexist peacefully. Such a government is formed by people who transfer their liberty for safety. People obey the laws formed by the government, which stands between them and their state of chaos, and they do not have the right to overthrow the government (Ladenburg, 2007).
On the contrary, Locke believes that people are born free with rights to dispose their properties. According to Locke, people form a government to protect their possessions, and they can regain their liberty if the government breaches the law of society. However, following the events that happened in Libya, Locke’s opinion is misguided. After Gaddafi’s fall in Libya, democracy has not yielded much. The country is controlled by armed militias, and the economy is deteriorating. Libya’s state under Gaddafi’s ‘authoritarian’ rule was better than the current ‘democratic’ rule.
In conclusion, absolute democracy is unattainable in the presence of many people. Different people pursue different goals, which are likely to be conflicting, and this throws the society into a state of disorder. Human liberty needs to be controlled for a peaceful and progressive
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Epicurus and Thomas Hobbes are one of the materialist philosophers who proposed their own reasons on how life must be lived. Epicurus believed that the best way to live human life is through “happiness, resulting from absence of physical pain and mental disturbance” (Konstan).
It asserted that the earth was the central part of the cosmos and that it was surrounded by concentric spheres probably fluid in nature, the sun, moon, planets and the stars (Kagan, Ozment and Turner 420). At the spheres helm, lay God’s realm together with the angels.
Moral Luck. Self-esteem as the image of the people, according to Kent, should be influenced neither by an individual’s actions nor by judgements. Self-judgment and action are the key aspects in which the id, ego and superego personalities revolve around.
John Locke’s political concept is based upon natural right and social contract theory. He proclaimed the division of powers into three branches: legislative, executive (which included judicial) and federative
2. As Socrates explains, Euthryphro’s answer suggests only an affect or quality of being pious and not the nature of piety. Since different gods view actions differently being pious is based upon what one believes in and whose god one believes in.
re of Descartes’ Epistemology; Descartes argued that all our believes in life might have originated from an evil genius or an evil demon intent on deceiving us, this therefore means that there is a need of doubting everything and finding out the truth of things by ourselves.
Due to his proximity to the great events of the time and a desire of peace and security for his fellow citizens, he believed that he should dedicate all his abilities to the problems of society. The question of a man has always been at the center of Hobbes’ creativity.
Functionalism theory tries to go beyond behavior and identity theory by picking concepts from each. The theory determines the function of something while relating to behavior, other mental state and stimulation to get the mental state
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