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One cannot ignore the fact that if the South did not declare succession, Lincoln would have not declared war in the south. James McPherson, an expert in this subject, and the author of The Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era insists, “ In July 1861, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a resolution, by a nearly unanimous vote, that affirmed that the North was not waging the war to overthrow slavery but to preserve the Union.” (McPherson 66). Clearly, the focal point of the war was to keep the unity of nation for the sake of peace and security. The events that lead to civil war was the Mexican war, the dependence of the North on the South, the slavery issue, and the Dred Scott decision.
Post Mexican War, America was segmented into many territories. This posed a problem as both the North and the South had to manage the issue of slavery. A Band-Aid issue was delivers as Congress passed the Compromise of 1850 which California became a free state. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 also did facilitate the cause as the South despised this form their Northern Counterparts (Jordan 36).
From the South’s perspective, it is clear that that nation was interested in its own political and economic pursuits. Clearly, the soldiers understood that the North had little or no interest in South’s domestic affairs. Slavery was vital towards the success of South’s economy. The failure for the North to acknowledge the idea motivated the Southern soldiers to pursue their own version of the “American Dream.” The major political and economic interests between North and South continued to reflect the justification for separation for the Southern soldiers. In midst of this chaos, states such as: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas had already declared to be seceded soon after during 1855 (Stanchak 26).
After this, the major cause that triggered civil war according to historians was also because of Dred Scott
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The slaves who were enslaved from the African continent were treated brutally (say, like animals) and were forced to work in the vast farm lands in the American continent. Gradually, the development in the political scenario of the USA transformed the fate of slaves.
Both women could not read and write but somehow managed to change a nation on the basis of their determination alone. Each woman’s individual story of trial and triumph is unique and continues to serve as a role model for the world. The life, hardships faced and their story of success reflects many similarities which seem to create a unique bond between the two most popular African American women in World history.
No one view can claim to represent the differing accounts of slaves on the American continent because of the time periods involved as well as the peculiar socio economic circumstance surrounding slavery. Instead slavery on the American continent can be seen as the derivative of various influences that evolved in response to varying circumstances.
Many historians have tried to describe the slave period and what slaves went through. Actually, slavery became famous in 16th century due to agricultural activities that took place in the new land after the discoveries by early explorers. Moreover, in the areas where plantation farming was a mean of survival diseases developed and Europeans from countries such as Britain who had come here to seek for labor were affected.
There were many slaves and others against slavery that fought to end it. Slavery continued throughout the 19th century. It would end in 1865 with the end of the Civil War and the passage of the 13th amendment of the Constitution.
Slavery and race discrimination are still prevalent in America in many forms even though these things were abolished by law. The history of slavery in America was begun in the sixteenth century and was intensified during the subsequent centuries. In fact, Spain was responsible for the cultivation of slavery in America.
The four past centuries that followed the exploration saw many immigrants from Africa brought to America. But, most significantly, the earliest Black immigrants before those from Africa were the natives of Spain and Portugal. This is reflected in the records of black slavery present in ‘Vasco Nunuz Balboa’ manuscripts during the Pacific Ocean sighting in 1513.
According to the report slave trade was illegal, but the trade continued to exist till 1860. The people living in North till 1830 were in favor of banning slavery; however, southerners adopted slavery as acceptable as many slave workers were available without any pay. People have hundreds of slaves working on their plantations.