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The treaties sought to create peace between the British and the Aboriginal people in the country thus making the country easy to exploit for the British colonial masters and conducive for the habitation of the aboriginals as the discussion below portrays.
Between 1700 and 1867, Canada survived on a series of treaties that earned segmented peace to the country and its inhabitants thus enhancing the existence of the various people who occupied the land1. Key among the treaties in pre confederation Canada was the Niagara treaty signed in 1764, the Selkirk treaty in 1817 and bind head treaties of 1836 among many others. A treaty refers to an agreement between two parties involved in a conflict. The agreement provides effective structures for the resolution of a conflict by safeguarding the interests of all the conflicting parties. This explains the numerous treaties signed in pre confederation Canada. The country had numerous inhabitants al of who felt entitled to the land and its resources. This often led to wars and conflicts such as the 1812 war. Such sectarian wars were obvious portrayal of the conflicts in the country as the various inhabitants fought for the resources.
The creation of the numerous treaties within such short periods was a portrayal of the weaknesses of the treaties. Treaties are always contemporary and seek to provide short-term resolutions to the prevailing conflicts. As such, the treaties provided short-term ways of sharing the resources among two or more conflicting societies but the parties often rescinded the treaties in case their interests faltered. Signed in 1817, Selkirk treaty was one of the treaties that lasted the shortest in pre confederation Canada. Thomas Selkirk, a British aristocrat wanted to create a colony by purchasing a vast land previously owned by the Hudson Bay Company. The land extended into areas occupied by the Cree and Chippewa nations.
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In 1867, all of the colonies that became a part of the Canadian Confederation had previously been a part of New France. The Viceroyalty of New France was an area colonized by France specifically in North America and was started in 1534 when the Saint Lawrence River was explored by Jacques Cartier.
For some reasons, historians and scholars refrained from focusing too much on what they thought as 'narrow' areas of labor class in Canada. Instead, bulk of their historical works involved social conflicts. Another probable reason why it took so long for Canada to appear in the labor history documentation stage could have been lack of credible data.
The British agreed to sign a treaty to allow the Canadians not to be subjected to being deported and mistreatments. It was the beginning of the New France. They had the freedom to learn English and move to France. Canada was possessed by Britain. Canadians later on came to appreciate the conquest as it saved them from the chaos of the revolution (Bumsted, 2004).
W. Struthers, a prominent public health official, expressed reformers' concerns succinctly: 'Poor housing conditions, lack of light and ventilation, uncleanliness, ignorance of proper care of the body and of the laws of health, unwholesome and improper food and drink, the prevalence of venereal and other diseases are rapidly producing a degenerate race.'
Taking this observation further Innis (1956) says that Canada is an ideal location for export of primary products or "staples" to Europe. However, this paper will examine the period between 1870 and 1914 in its entirety when Canada, bearing the fruits of a century old network of waterways augmented by the introduction of the Grand Trunk road and railways, experienced phenomenal economic growth despite many hurdles like the depressions of 1870s and 1890s, severe drought early twentieth century and the World War I.
It focuses largely on Toronto, but shows that similar approaches to housing reform were common across Canada. Intensifying pre-existing English-Canadian nationalism and racism proved to be a helpful means of assuaging the bruising social conflicts of the war era.
The essence of this discussion is to make assessments on the 4 Pre Confederation Canadian staples namely; fur, fish, wheat and timber. How these staples changed New France to socially, economically and politically advance.
Before the sixties, Canadian historians used to concentrate on economic history of Canada because it had political stability as compared to other countries. From the sixties till present day, there have been significant events in the Canadian economic history.
Immigrants from different origins sought to seek work in the white people’s states.1 The Europeans discriminated the aboriginals based on their faith and considered them as inferior to them.2 French speaking
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