Free

Discussion Topic - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
"Thus the army is established by deceit, moves for advantage, and changes through segmenting and reuniting.  Thus its speed is like the wind, its slowness like the forest; its invasion and plundering like a fire; unmoving it is like the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Discussion Topic
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Discussion Topic"

Teacher Discussion Topic Sun-tzu is famously cryptic.  E.g. "Thus the army is established by deceit, moves for advantage, and changes through segmenting and reuniting.  Thus its speed is like the wind, its slowness like the forest; its invasion and plundering like a fire; unmoving it is like the mountains. It is as difficult to know as the darkness; in movement it is like thunder."  Wu-tzus writing is comparably dense, fraught with meaning for those who understand what he is talking about. 
Please refer to these texts and provide brief examples that address the principles of war to which scholars commonly refer when discussing tactics and strategy. If you havent already memorized them, they are: Objective, Offensive, and Mass, Economy of Force, Maneuver, Unity of Command, Security, Surprise and Simplicity. To what extent, if any, do Chinese views follow or depart from the modern principles, and why?  Your opinions are welcome, but back them up with evidence.
Response
Sun-Tzu was talking about strategy as contained in his book The Art of War. The writing that says “the army is established by deceit, moves for advantage, and changes through segmenting and reuniting” must not be taken literally. Sun-Tzu was talking metaphorically. By deceit, he meant the confidentiality and secrecy character of a military organization. A military organization’s objective is to win war wars not to be honest. Divulging one’s military capability blunts its capacity for offensive. One must not be “truthful” or “candid” about the status of its military otherwise the enemy would plan against it and could easily defeat it. By “moves for advantage, and changes through segmenting and reuniting” just meant that a military organization adapts to a situation or its maneuverability by regrouping and when he mentioned “its speed is like the wind, its slowness like the forest; its invasion and plundering like a fire; unmoving it is like the mountains. It is as difficult to know as the darkness; in movement it is like thunder", Sun-Tzu merely described the offensive capability of a military organization through a unified command.
These Chinese views about military tactics and strategies may sound ancient but is still actually present in today’s military tactics. Sun-Tzu just talked the language of his day but he actually talked about “classified nature of the military”, regrouping, organization, timing of attack and speedy response of military action. Much of military strategy and tactics today  are derived from the principles of Sun-Tzu so Sun-Tzu’s thoughts about tactics and strategies will always be present in military organization today.
Discussion Topic 2
On January 21, 1955, military historian Michael Roberts delivered a lecture before the Queens University of Belfast. Published as an article in 1956, "The Military Revolution, 1560–1660." His seminal article has fueled debate in historical circles for ever since. Robertss concept of a military revolution became "orthodoxy" in early modern military history and remained virtually unchallenged until Geoffrey Parker published his article "The `Military Revolution, 1560–1660—A Myth?" Subsequent studies also failed to disprove Robertss basic thesis. In 1988 Parker published The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800. In this volume, Parker poses the question that shaped the ensuing debate: How was the West—initially so small and deficient in most natural resources—able to overcome this situation through military and naval power and conquer global empires? The debate continues.
The concept of the Military Revolution is hugely important because nearly all the writings that documented the development of strategies and tactics developed in the Renaissance focus on the same principles of war the U.S. and other developed countries take for granted today.  Your review of the chapters in Paret should make this clear.
It is important, however, to think critically about such matters.  Consider our more recent experience in war, particularly since trends that have gained currency in the last decades of the 20th century and the opening of the 21st century show that accepted principles may no longer be applicable. 
Please consider each of the nine principles and provide examples from your readings that demonstrate their validity.  Then, provide examples from recent conflicts that show they may be wrong.  Be prepared to defend your arguments if your classmates dont agree with you, and I hope not all of them will.  Remember, no fighting in class!  We can argue politely but we wont come to blows!
Response
In essence, the concept of military revolution as developed during the renaissance is grounded on the principles of economy, politics and technology. In a way, the principles of military revolution was also patterned after the renaissance itself where creativity and ingenuity was fueled by the strong economy in Italy. War is an expensive undertaking and renaissance military theorist understood it very well. They also understood that ultimately, any conflict must have political resolution and that technology is a definite advantage for any party engaged in war and in fact can spell the difference between defeat and victory. Roberts and Parker’s persuasion may differ in some aspects but they are still grounded on these principles.
As an example for recent experience in war, we can take for example the recent war against ISIS in Syria and Iraq where the principles of war developed during the Renaissance is being applied. First is the enunciation of clear objective by President Obama to degrade and ultimately defeat Isis. Second the avoidance of the use of boots on the ground consistent with the principle of economy of force in its offensive. Its assumption as an advisory role to the Iraqi military is also consistent with the principle of unity of command as US tries to put organization in an otherwise ineffective military organization. There is also an aspect of military principle in America’s offensive that was distinctly derived from the Renaissance. That is, capitalizing on economy, politics and technology. War is an expensive undertaking and must be backed up by a strong economy which US can afford. US also sought allies in the region to make the offensive more effective politically acceptable. And the heavy use of aircrafts for bombardment is taking advantage of technology to avoid casualties and political ramifications from their respective countries.
References
Paret, P., Craig, G. A., & Gilbert, F. (1986). Makers of modern strategy: from Machiavelli to the nuclear age. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Sawyer, R. D., & Sawyer, M. (1993). The Seven military classics of ancient China = Wu jing qi shu. Boulder: Westview Press. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Discussion Topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1”, n.d.)
Discussion Topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1660506-discussion-topic
(Discussion Topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1)
Discussion Topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1. https://studentshare.org/history/1660506-discussion-topic.
“Discussion Topic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1660506-discussion-topic.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Discussion Topic

Discussion Topic

...Discussion Topic A fallacy refers to a flaw in an argument that is more than just a presumption in false assertion. In most cases, it pertains to either an error in reasoning or the creation of some false impression that makes a cogent argument appears corrupt or vice versa. There are many different types of fallacies; ad hominem is one of them. This fallacy hinges its arguments on the basis of a person’s character or nature (Davis, 2007). An example is whereby an overweight individual gives tips and advice on how to lose weight. He may be dismissed on grounds of ad hominem, but sometimes he might be telling the truth. Another fallacy is hasty generalization. It refers to when a conclusion is reached with insufficient information...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Discussion topic

... Response to Week 12 Discussions: Defining Justice Can justice be comprehensively defined by the ment ‘giving people what they deserve, as implied by Sandel? In my view, justice is not as simple as that statement implies. People have different deserving interests, which are often clashing. This is depicted in the case of Casey Martins, a physically challenged golfer, who sought legal redress after the PGA rejected his request of using the golf cart during tournaments. It can be said that the decision of Professional Golfers is a contravention of the laws which limits discrimination of persons on the basis of disability. Thus, it would be justified to say that Casey Martin should have been allowed to use the cart in the PGA tours... but...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Discussion Topic

...Compare and contrast the ancient and modern writings about unconventional warfare Grade (November 12th, Compare and contrast the ancient and modern writings about unconventional warfare The ancient and the modern writings collaborate in relations to the subject of unconventional warfare. This is because; both the modern and the ancient writings hold that principle of the war that requires a direct, decisive and attainable objective to be the basis of staging war against an enemy, must always be upheld (Sawyer, 1993). In this respect, the unconventional warfare should follow the strategy of first establishing the military capability of the enemy, while comparing the same with the military capacity that the side has, so as do... and contrast...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Discussion Topic

...The future of military affairs and military theory Grade (November 20, The future of military affairs and military theory The conduct of war is full of uncertainties, and there is absolutely no plan that will ever survive contact with the enemy (Pellegrini, 1997). This simply means that the dangers and threats that comprised the traditional warfare in the ancient human history will continue to be the same through modernity and even into the future. This simply means that some of the Nine Principles of War will never change, but only the circumstances of the war. Nevertheless, one fact is not in contention; that the enemy in the 21st century is highly networked and more decentralized than any enemy that the military had to deal... future of...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Discussion topic

...Discussion topic affiliation Simple random sampling: This is a method of sampling technique in which every of the subset is having an equal chance of being selected. This type of sampling technique has got a main focus of eliminating biases in-group representation. For example, a research study targeting to interview 20 nurses working in a certain hospital may employ simple random sampling. The researcher will select 20 nurses randomly out of the 75 nurses in the hospital; there is no method of selecting the nurses (Kothari, 2012). Stratified sampling technique This is where a researcher divides the entire population into several subgroups or classification depending on certain parameters. Then the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion topic

...Discussion topic affiliation In any statistical analysis, the alpha level must be determined to guide in data interpretation. In essence, the alpha level is the chance of not accepting the null hypothesis even if the null hypothesis is true. In summary, it can be stated that alpha level is the probability of concluding a wrong decision. If a researcher is worried about the possibility of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is definitely true, then he should use a lower alpha level to minimise the chance that could lead to rejection of null hypothesis incorrectly. However, reducing alpha level could lead to committing a type II error, the error of not rejecting a null hypothesis when it is false (Gerhan,...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion Topic

...Discussion topic al Affiliation) Discussion topic Achromatopsia in canis lupus familiaris A gene scan was carried out using a number of microsatellites; one microsatellite was discovered on CFA29. This microsatellite was referred to as C29.002. The microsatellite is directly connected to the disorder locus hence it is responsible for achromatopsia. Achromatopsia is a condition that is inherited from parents and passes to the off springs. In canis lupus familiaris, this condition is associated with loss of visual acuity, daytime blindness due to high sensitivity to extreme light, and total loss or reduced ability to differentiate colors. This condition is caused by...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Discussion topic

...Discussion Topic Discussion Topic The chapter talks about “Cuba and the Road to Sustainability”. The chapter highlights various issues that Cuba went through in the 20th century. Different challenges faced Cuba before achieving sustainability. One of the challenges was corruption perpetrated by the regime of Batista, a Cuban ex-President. The other challenge has been due to various embargoes placed by United States due to various irreconcilable differences with Cuba. Another challenge was the collapse of Soviet Union that was a key partner to Cuba. However, Cuba managed to overcome these challenges and achieves sustainability through an initiative put in place by Castro...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Discussion Topic

...Biology Essay al Affiliation Biology Essay Part 1creature ecology The Geographical range for duck billed platypus or simply known as platypus is Eastern parts of Australia as well as Tasmania. They are mostly found in Australia. They as well live in tropical forests of costal Queens land. Duck billed platypus is not a common creature within United States of America. The major environment where duck billed platypus stays is in water. They spent most of their time in water than in any other ecosystem. They have specific features that make them adapted to water ecosystem. They have webbed paws and short legs that grow on the sides of their body to facilitate their swimming in addition to easy diving in water. They are naturally... Essay al...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Discussion topic

...Discussion topic affiliation Both qualitative research and quantitative research has a vital role to play in nursing sciences and are significantly becoming recognised. The qualitative research in nursing mostly encompasses the lived experiences of both patients and nurses. It has been observed that the qualitative research has brought a lot of understanding in chronic illnesses, whereby nurses understand more about how the patients live and cope with the chronic illness. Moreover, the research enhances an insight and nurses develop new as well as creative ways of providing quality care to chronically ill patients. On the other hand, quantitative research method has a major merit in that it can be...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Discussion Topic for FREE!

Contact Us