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these articles precisely show that, each individual’s culture influenced his manner of doing things and his reputation but was partly influenced by the environment as well as the authority.
Being honored signified dignity, self-control and self-esteem. The Spanish were labeled as honorable and worked very hard to maintain their reputation. The society half accepted the Spanish way of life as ethical and moral. According to Mark Burkholder, following the Spanish culture and being religiously converted was a means of acquiring honor. Spanish men viewed each religious act as morally right otherwise a dishonor. The society at large, accepted maintaining a religious marriage in addition to adopting the new milieu of labor and occupation as norms. The Spanish elite maintained titles which made them more honorable than the natives. Spanish men were either in political positions or masters to their slaves and therefore acted in manner not to lower their reputation. Honor is associated with rank, prestige and allowance to perform some rituals as it was the case of priests. In a common notion, being a priest awarded you respect not only to fellow race members but from other classes as well.
Honor determined ones political influence and eligibility. Given that it was only the elite group that contained rights to determine political leaders; Ann Twinam and Geoffrey Spurling demonstrate the significance of honor in administrative position eligibility. According to spurling, a priest being accused of sodomy retards his reputation hence causing questions about his leadership. The accusation showed respect to men’s sexual behavior, with the general public viewing sodomy as a sort of dishonor. Men were supposed to remain faithful to and being born out of wedlock was partly considered a dishonor. Twinam examines the disposal of a political candidate based on proscribed birth of his mother. The Spanish not only viewed unfaithfulness as unlawful but as a source of
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The Catholic Church influenced the life of all people living in colonial Latin American society. The Catholic Church mainly served as an institution trying to unify people comprising the colonial Latin American society. There are evidences which show that the Catholic Church tried to maintain the Iberian social order, and the priests and other officials of the Church served as exemplars of their religion.
It is rightly argued that an honest American quest to oust the European colonial powers for the better political future of the Latin people was made, but unfortunately it later turned out into the strengthening of its own strategic interests in the region.
By the time, it was the 15th century the Spanish colony in Peru had done enough destruction of the culture of the Andean people with the aim of Europeanizing the local population. The society in this era was made in the patriarchal system of the family and the families here are suffering the oppression of the male chauvinists.
Whereas the Anglo-American colonies intermarried sparsely with the native peoples, the Spanish Empire actively encouraged intermarriage and as a result of this, the distinct cultures that otherwise would have at least been somewhat separate, came to be melded together.
Greece and Rome & Colonial America - The ancient Greeks lived in city-states, which were separate political units, and the administrative system was different in different city-states. The ancient Greeks were citizens of individual city-states and were loyal to their own city state.
Yet it is undeniable that many of the modern economies which decry the practice of the slave trade and slavery in general have their own political and economic basis in a pre-modern slave economy. Moreover, much of the richness in culture and society is due to the intermingling of races that resulted from slavery.
The geography of the region is normally likened to a bowl of some sorts because of its interior that is flat and surrounded by mountains (Carlson, 1952). Apart from the plains at the coasts that are narrow, the Latin America is basically composed of