It was a political revolution that deposed the Tokugawa shogunate and restored control over the nation to direct imperial rule. This imperial rule was under the emperor Meiji, and it ushered in major economic,…
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This regime was in no position to exercise control over its domains, and was incapable of defending the nation from the threat posed by the Western powers (Asia for Educators, Columbia University).
Moreover, in the year 1853, the Western threat crystallized with the arrival of Matthew Perry and a US Navy squadron. Their demand was that Japan had to open its shores to commerce from the West. The weakness of the Shogunate compelled it to enter into several inequitable treaties, wherein Japan had to grant special legal and economic privileges to the Western nations (Asia for Educators, Columbia University).
Another instance of the effect of Western Imperialism upon weaker Asian nations was China, which was ruthlessly exploited by the European powers. In order to prevent a similar fate, a group of middle-ranking samurai deposed the Shogun in the year 1868. Their aim was to modernize the nation, and they realized that feudalism had to be destroyed for achieving their purpose (Asia for Educators, Columbia University).
In addition, this intervention served to place Japan on a course of radical modernization without any bloodshed. The change wrought by this revolution, was perhaps unrivalled in history. This fundamental change was ostensibly aimed at restoring rule to the Japanese Emperor. The latter adopted the reign name Meiji or enlightened rule. As such, the Meiji Restoration proved to be a fundamental revolution (Asia for Educators, Columbia University).
Consequently, Japan underwent a transition to a capitalist production system from a pre-capitalist mode, without experiencing a social revolution. The Nipponese example demonstrated that the restructuring of social relations of production, during the shift from a feudal to a capitalist system did not necessitate the active political participation of the lower classes (Barker).
However, as shown by several scholars, social revolution is not an essential
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Hawaii is a place which is 3,000 miles away from Japan. The Japanese immigrants demonstrated immense bravery in moving to a foreign land for life leaving behind their homeland. Though they succeeded in this, initially the early days of immigration was not free from trouble for the Japanese immigrants.
Histories written in the linear mode facilitated this process, and Westerners have been involved in their production1. A large number of foreign advisers in Japan were present during the Meiji period (1868-1912). On their return home, they often represented Japanese culture as a potential model for the rest of the world, to enhance their own prospects, by drawing attention to their achievements in Japan.
The Russo-Japanese War was the first truly modern conflict of the twentieth century. With its use of machine guns, modern artillery, trenches and barbed wire, it foreshadowed the First World War in many ways. It was also the first great modern war that was observed and reported in almost every detail.
Some feel that qualities of Japanese-ness were the mixed culture of elements from Asia and the west rather the others feel it was as a composite culture. During the period between 1940 and 1950, the Okinawa of Japanese identity was sought to divest but later on restored Japanese Okinawa identity.
Here are some key events for Japanese Americans (Avakian, 2002):
1942, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066 on February 19 uprooting Japanese Americans, except in Hawai'i, to be sent to concentration camps (euphemized by the government as "internment camps")
Roosevelt signed Executive Order No. 9066 empowering the U.S. Army to designate areas from which "any or all persons may be excluded." No person of Japanese ancestry living in the United States was ever convicted of any serious act of espionage or
The ruling elite and powerful clans during Nara and Meiji era claimed lineage from gods that made Japan and therefore, commanded distinct authority. However, Japan later plunged into civil war and anarchy. The circumstance facilitated a feudal society. After which, Japan embarked on a reunification process that created great stability and peace.
Thus, they saw themselves as more superior than other minority groups such as the Chinese. This concept reimagined the place of Japanese both in America and Japanese Empire by giving them power and authority to triumph over other people. For instance, they
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