China History assignment - Essay Example

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The economic and political history of china can be traced back to thousands of years which have trends of affluence and economic decline. The different systems over the different periods in time have similarities and distinct characteristic. …
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China History A1. The economic and political history of china can be traced back to thousands of years which have trends of affluence and economic decline. The different systems over the different periods in time have similarities and distinct characteristic. The Shang dynasty can be traced around 1200BC and agriculture was the staple economic activity of the Chinese. The political ruling class was governed by the Shang royal family where the kings served both religious and political functions. This stage was beneficial as it led to formation of commerce such as textiles or bronze. However, it had a lot of conflicts with the Zhou (Fong, 1995).
The feudal system of the Zhou was around 1045BC and came into being after defeating the Shang. Their economic activities were characterized by a well-defined system where noble men owned the lands while the peasant families were responsible for tiling. This phase had benefits of improving the commerce since it was commercialized. However, it led to class difference where a class of wealth merchants emerged.
The open system of the Warring States lasted between 475–221 BCE and was characterized by technological advancement which benefited the people by producing large scale economic products. However, this period was characterized by rapid reforms which benefited only a class of people while the workers at the ground continued to get poorer.
The other stage was the centralist system of the Qin which lasted between 221–206 BCE. This period witnessed rapid expansion of the Qin dynasty up to Vietnam in the south and Mongolia in the north. This period prides in establishing a standardized form of weight measurement, writing and length measurement. However, this period was also characterized by rebellions from the people after the death of their king which was the reason for the decline of Qin (Fong, 1995).
The one constant thing with the different period is that they were characterized by rapid development both economically and politically.
The Shang period saw the growth of the bronze period which contributed a lot in the promotion of the Chinese culture through the civilization in the Qin period. The Qin period sustained various aspects of this culture which can be traced to 2,000 years. The Qin period was characterized by rapid civilization especially in the technological advancement. One of the major technological advancement in this period was bronze technology which was developed during the Shang period. Different centers were set up for development of bronze technology which led to emergence of advanced cultural centres based on bronze technology (Hung, 1980).
The bronze made during the Qui period was heavily made influential in making expensive jewelry. This period had bronze decorated and artistically made since the craftsmen which were responsible for this development were endowed with technological skills and technical skills which was developed during the civilization era in the open system of the Warring States. This enabled them to improve the culture of the Chinese people in the bronze trade by diversifying the uses of the bronze not only in the making of weapons and tools but in the artistic making of jewelry and beauty accessories (Hung, 1980).
Bronze is a major cultural phenomenon of the Chinese people which was developed during the Shang period. However, there are several instances of this culture in the Qin period. Some of the aspects of the Chinese culture which were dropped include the bronze vessels called the taotie.
Works Cited
Wen C. Fong, ed., The Great Bronze Age of China: An Exhibition from the People’s Republic of China. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; Knopf, 1980.
Wu Hung. Early Chinese Art and Architecture.Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995. Print. Read More
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