The Inundation of North American Coasts - Assignment Example

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The paper “The Inundation of North American Coasts” focuses on inundation, a condition where dry land is covered naturally by water. There are four main causes of significant inundation. Storm surge is one of the causes and results from severe storms…
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The Inundation of North American Coasts
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Download file to see previous pages There is a natural component ascribed to sea level changes in North America. An ice sheet which once covered the area led to ascending ground motion in the region. The aim of this report is to determine the cause of sea level rise in North America. It seeks to establish the areas which are vulnerable to the risks that accompany the increases in sea levels and the populations which are at risk. The report also aims at finding ways to mitigate the effects of increases in sea levels. There is a natural component ascribed to sea level changes in North America. An ice sheet which once covered the area led to ascending ground motion in the region. The aim of this report is to determine the cause of sea level rise in North America. It seeks to establish the areas which are vulnerable to the risks that accompany the increases in sea levels and the populations which are at risk. The report also aims at finding ways to mitigate the effects of increases in sea levels.2.0. Discussion2.1.0.    Reasons for sea levels rise  The figure above shows the future predictions of climate change. There is an isostatic adjustment in the North American shore which produces a local change in sea levels, which also changes global sea levels. There is the thermal expansion of oceans which involves warming and mixing rate beneath the surface of the ocean. Melting mountain glaciers together with ice caps also contribute to rising in sea levels in North America. Melting Ice sheet are the greatest contributors to sea level rises in North America, this could allow disintegration at a much faster rate. When sea levels rise by 3 to 5-foot, there will be a melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet (Black & Weisel, 2010). The melting nature of the Ice Sheet is non-linear making it hard to predict. Global warming has led to increasing in sea levels in distances ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 meters. A storm surge is caused by high winds on the surface of the ocean. They are damaging especially when they occur at times of high tides. Extratropical cyclones can produce storm surge, depending on the coastline’s physical characteristics and the water shore bathymetry. Tropical cyclones cause storm surge, and the factors that determine the magnitude of the cyclone include the size, intensity, and speed of the radius of maximum winds. Global warming leads to warming of waters which increase the intensity of the cyclones. Global warming causes ice sheets to melt causing the expansion of sea waters. The ocean currents make the levels of expansion to differ, the temperature of the sea water and its saltiness also determine the levels of expansion.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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