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"Unresolved conflicts in the region as a key obstacle in the development of (the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in the context)"
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It is co-chaired by the United States, France and Russia. Negotiations hit a deadlock in 2011 leading to spread of the geographical scope to other regions far way from Nagorno-Karabakh. It has been identified that this conflict is the key barrier to peace, stability and development in the South Caucasus (Notholt, 2008, p68).
A review of the reasons as to why both the external actors and the conflicting parties have an interest in maintaining the status quo reveals the reason why the peace negotiation process has currently hit a deadlock. For example, both the government of Armenian and Azerbaijani have not shown any genuine interest in achieving the negotiated outcomes, which are proposed by OSCE (Notholt, 2008, p34). The Nagorno-Karabakh government was officially excluded from participating in this peace process, and the Armenia government is currently representing them. NK officials are currently becoming impatient with isolation from the direct participation and the fact that the negotiation process is currently not underway (Croissant, 1998, p42).
A number of factors do not favor the negotiation process in this region. For instance, the geographical context does not support this negotiation progress. This is because the key powerbrokers, which include The United States, Russia and Turkey, seem to be comfortable with the current status quo with respect to their strategic interests (Croissant, 1998, p34). In addition, they still promote arms race and power imbalance through security alliances and arms-trade with the conflicting parties. This is a clear evident that the external actors are not interested in finding a permanent solution to this conflict that will lead to long-lasting peace and development. Additionally, other nations like Iran and Georgia are interested in mediating this negotiation process, but members of OSCE have denied them the chance to participate. The United Nations Security Council has also been denied the
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The Geneva conventions and their Additional Protocols are the basis of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) which is also known as the Law of armed conflict. The conventions set up rules to control the brutalities that take place during war.
The Conflict between Territorial Integrity and Self-Determination. Territorial integrity, along with other elements, has always been considered a requisite of statehood under international law. Reinforcing this perspective is Article 6 of the of the 1960 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, a UN Resolution, that categorically declared any form of disruption of the territorial integrity of a state as incompatible with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.
The conflict area is located within the boundaries of Azerbaijan but mainly Armenians live there. The latest blaze of this age-old clash appeared on world’s timeline at the very end of the Soviet era, when the independent region of Nagorno-Karabakh appealed to become part of Armenia.
One of the famous disputes was among the people of Armenia and Azerbaijan; they both were fighting on the issue of a small piece of land known as Nagorno Karabakh. The place is located closer to Azerbaijan, but it has a majority population of Armenians. In the pre soviet era, this was a place for Armenians, but later during the Soviet Era this place was considered as a part of Azerbaijan.
During the reign of the Soviet Union, the Nagorno-Karabakh region had become an integral with the Azerbaijan state1. There was a territorial disagreement over the region in 1920s when the Ottoman plus British policies integrated Karabakh with Azerbaijan. The Armenians failed to accept the motion of policies to connect the two regions.
In February 1988, members of the National Council of Nagorno-Karabakh constituting Armenian deputies voted to unite the region with Armenia. Though there was no formal response from Armenia, the move provoked the Azerbaijanis to massacre 100
The author states that despite some cases of development in other areas, Africa urgently needs the rich nations to deliver on their promises to reverse the severe effects of poverty and the HIV/Aids pandemic. The rapid spread of HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa is a major threat to its development.
According to the report USA has proved greatest hunger for oil considering its earlier strategized influence and dominance of the Middle East oil reserves and elsewhere perceived to have substantial reserve of crude oil. Many countries known to produce oil especially in the Middle Eastern suffer from sluggish.
Researchers in the paper state that there are three main components in conflict and these include a cognitive component, which occurs when two parties have different objectives and interests. The second aspect is a behavioral component, which occurs when one individuals directly interferes with the objectives of another.
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