Assess A.J. Simmons's theory of philosophical anarchism. Is it a successful analysis of obligation and legitimacy Why/why not What does the philosophical-anarchist critique tell us about obligation and state authority - Essay Example

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This school of thought claims that the state does not have moral legitimacy and so to them, they have no obligation to obey the state and the state on the other hand has no right to…
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Assess A.J. Simmonss theory of philosophical anarchism. Is it a successful analysis of obligation and legitimacy Why/why not What does the philosophical-anarchist critique tell us about obligation and state authority
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Extract of sample "Assess A.J. Simmons's theory of philosophical anarchism. Is it a successful analysis of obligation and legitimacy Why/why not What does the philosophical-anarchist critique tell us about obligation and state authority"

Download file to see previous pages Political obligation theorists focus on individuals’ duty and responsibility to conform to the state’s laws and support the state when necessary. According to philosophical anarchism, the existing states are not legitimate in that the way the use coercion cannot be morally justified and so individuals have no moral duty to obey the law proposed by the state. Moreover, this theory argues that social stability can be maintained without centralized legislative powers and that individuals are capable of treating each other justly if no state ever existed. In short, philosophical anarchists mainly consider the existing state institutions as unjust. They posit that individuals have no moral obligation to comply with the state when its laws are not in line with individuals’ autonomy. Simmonss theory of philosophical anarchism and all anarchists have been justly criticised because they do not support State and they also deny political obligation; however, it is necessary to consider individuals’ liberty to have an autonomous life.
Philosophical anarchism is not a successful analysis of obligation and legitimacy. Anarchism is a form of moral scepticism focusing on the position of authority and morality in the society (McLaughlin, 169). Philosophical anarchist claim it is difficult to solve the problem of authority and so there is need not to recognize state’s authority (Gaus, 462). In order to criticise philosophical anarchists, scholar have developed various strategies including political obligation theory to defend the traditional perception of political obligation (Klosko, 721). Some of the main arguments of philosophical anarchism include political ties must be voluntary; states are not voluntary associations; and that states are illegitimate and so there is no obligation to obey the state. According to priori anarchism, all existing states are not legitimate morally claiming that some important ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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