According Muslim accounts, compilation and composition of the Quran began in 610 when Gabriel appeared to Mohammed in a cave near Mecca1. Gabriel recited to him the first verses of Sura Iqra and this marked…
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"The Qur'an: Composition and Content , please restrict your focus to the Classical Islamic period (which excludes modern Islam)"
with a personal 20% discount.
Download file to see previous pages...
on whether Muhammad wrote the Quran during his lifetime or whether the compilation and composition of the holy book began with Abu Bark al-Siddiq, the first Caliph. After writing of the Quran, it was canonized by Uthman ibn Affan given unanimity of its sources2. This task looks at how Islamic traditions of the time of compilation and composition of the Quran explain the content and composition of the holy book. It explains the manner in which compositional characteristics as well as the content of the Quran suggest on the development of Islamic religion.
The Umayyad Period that spanned between 44/661 and 132/750 marked the composition of the Hijazi script of the Quran. These were the earliest known manuscripts of the Quran3. The most fundamental reforms in the manuscripts took place under the rule of Abd al-Malik, the 5th Umayyad Caliph. The traditions and practices of the people and the ruling class of Umayyad at the time were evident in the version of the Quran. According to Kelsey’s Ethics of War in Asian Civilizations, Abu’l Aswad al Du’ali found the Arabic grammar and introduced the system of using large, colored dots to indicate the tashkil4. Umayyad governor, al-Hajjaj later enforced this system and it became a basic scheme for composition of the Quran. The codices found during this historical period were made of single volume. It was during this time that the codices went from vertical to horizontal, a system that is used in Qurans to date5. Additionally, the composition of the Quran at this time saw an introduction of bold and heavy looking scripts that made them different from Christian and Jewish scripts and emphasized on supremacy of the Quran. These developments matched the then prevailing Islam tradition of pride and air of religious supremacy6 in the Arabian region.
According to Brinner & Stephen’s “Studies in Islamic and Judaic traditions: papers presented at the Institute for Islamic-Judaic Studies”, Abbasid style succeeded the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The United States of America is a relatively young country at the ripe old age of 235. Even though this country cannot boast as rich of a history as England or Greece, its citizens have experienced a great deal of important events and changes within a relatively short time period.
It is also a considerably misunderstood and misconceived religion. Put into succinct terms by Sedgwick (2006), 'Islam is one of the major world religions, and is the non-western religion of which westerners are most aware, largely as a result of conflict.
It was in this phase of music that there was an exceptional coordination of tunes that were harmonious, melodious, with distinct rhythm and effective orchestration. The classical era highlight music by popular composers, namely, Haydn, Mozart, the initial Beethoven period, and the Bach’s sons (Michael, 2006).
In addition, Islamic women’s religious rights are applied selectively due to legislation on gender equality that is slow on implementation of constitutional requirements. Women’s rights are crucial in several areas that include marriage, divorce and child custody.
For similarities, I chose the most basic “One God” and the most controversial “Jihad” and to highlight the differences, The Story of Creation”, “The Original Sin”, and “Islamic Law and Jurisprudence” were chosen. The concluding remarks are a discussion about the factors playing an important role in making Islam controversial, resulting in portraying a blurred picture of Islam.
Three main areas of Quranic reform were marriage, divorce, and inheritance. In the realm of marriage, for example, the Quran commands that the wife and not her father or other male relatives should receive the dower from her husband. Although many changes came about in other areas, the judicial attitude was characterized by noninterference with the prevailing legal system.
for instance, with the narration of the life of the prophet, as well as the Muslim traditions known as the Hadith, on which the narratives on Muhammad’s life history as well as the Qu’ran base their existence. The composition and content of the whole of the Qu’ran
The entire community repented and believe in God, and God lifted the punishment. On the other hand as Jonah was in the ship, a storm came to the ship in the sea and people casted the lots every time Jonah