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However, it is because of this argument and his view on Argentine that he touches on his audience in a direct way. This is in the way that he focuses on Argentine through different perspectives that include its physical features as well as the history related to its people. Thus by bringing out the countries issues in different parts, Sarmiento is able to create a whole of the important issues. It is with this that he is able to bring out the two parts of division in the forms of character found in Argentine. These are expressed in the form of the physical surroundings that comprise of the pampa and city and the ways of life that include cattle ranching and urban production1.
Sarmiento takes an interesting approach about Argentine in the sense that he divides the book into three major sections. The first part discusses the people of Argentine as the first study of a national character. In this part, he uses the style of the Herder and Montesquieu where he traces the national character of the physical appearance of the plains and their climate as well as the social effects that result from the solitude attendant and great distances similar to those of the kind of production that is related to grazing. In the book Facundo: civilization or barbarism Sarmiento highlights some of the development strategies that are needed in Argentina. He does this by employing the various parameters of thinking. The first one is through the employment of human history in argentine as is related to the early independence years. They include factors such as the development of the region, power, culture and modernization. However, he employs the approach of criticism to rebuke most of those actions that were not being performed in the correct manner. In this way, he provides a great contrast between civilization and barbaric approaches. He instead sees the
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Therefore the rise and fall of a society is directly linked to barbarism. The principles of civilization and the principle of barbarism evolves and develops at the same time. The initial period of civilization arises from the core of humanity and it is usually through a method of violence.
However, true formation of the Argentinean nation began after their independence that was a period marred with civil wars. It was during this time that Juan Manuel de Rosas came into power. He was born into a family that had wealth and power (Sarmiento, Mann & Stavans 7).
He initiated such progress by inviting Europeans in some of the villages. From his text, it becomes evident that there was a form of friction between the civilized and barbaric world. He sought to criticize the fact that Rosas supported barbarism without realizing how much progress civilization would bring to the argentine society.
By that time in 3100 B.C.E. towns and urban centers (or cities) started to grow in the plains of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, then later in the valley of the Nile River in Egypt, and the Yellow River basin in China. Cities had monumental buildings such as temples and fortifications built by sustainable efforts of thousands of people over many years.
Latin America is composed of twenty independent countries, those are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua. Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Along with acclaiming their impact on the development of the country, he estimates the bad sides of the Argentina based on the example of gauchos. Thus, bad gauchos are illustrated by Sarmiento in their capability of stealing horses notwithstanding any moral implications adopted within the society.
This paper outlines some of the impacts that this civilization has had on humanity and the environment in various places.
Humanity has had a fair share of positive influences of the western civilization, for
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