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This unique geography is one that has caused the regions of Palestine, Israel, Lebanon, and Syria to have a direct linkage to trade. Due to the fact that this region serves as a conduit between Asia, Africa, and Europe, the level and amount of trade that has historically flowed through this region is profound and has affected the cultural and economic development of these regions to a high degree. By means of contrast, the desert areas of the Arabian Peninsula have historically not held a great level of importance; however, with the discovery of vast oil resources within these areas, the economic power of Saudi Arabia and other Gulf States has grown astronomically. By means of comparison and measurement, the region of Egypt has historically held a profoundly powerful dynamic in the region not only as a result of the water resource of the Nile that it controls but also the powerful conduit between Africa, Asia, and Eurasia (Taguem, 2010).
By much the same level of measurement, the sustenance and developmental power that the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have been able to provide the area known as the Fertile Crescent has allowed the region that is defined by the modern day state of Iraq to develop in a manner that other Middle Eastern states were envious of over the past several hundred, and even thousands, of years (Mahmood, 2013). At the time that European powers came to colonize parts of the Middle East, they were surprised by the level of development and military strength that the Arabs living within the Fertile Crescent were able to engage. This was no doubt the result of the fact that geography had played a powerful role in providing this particular region with the much needed resource of water; subsequently allowing this particular area to develop to an extent that other areas throughout the Middle East could only dream of
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It is argued that unlike regions that are in East Asia or Latin America, the Islamic nations have negatively responded to globalization. The main reason as to why the Middle East has vehemently opposed globalization is the lack of previous cultural penetration in the Islamic world by the Western institutions, ideas and culture.
Oren admits that the America’s failure to be clear and honest about its own motives, as much as its serial failure to interpret the Middle East as often befuddled relations with the region (Oren,pp.341).
The author insists that the root cause of the conflicts includes ideas, persons and events .One of the events was the mass exodus of Jews fleeing from oppression they undergone in Eastern Europe. Oppression of Jews in Eastern Europe during the late 1800’s resulted in a mass emigration of Jewish refugees to Palestine.
religion imposed upon the Persians was Islam and conversion to the new faith was the main agenda of the Arabs, which led to the destruction of the traditional creeds and culture. As a result, the Arabs went about their business of conquering the Middle East by commandeering the
His closest friend, and one of his earliest converts, Abu Bakr was selected by consensus as the leader of the fledgling Islamic nation. However, some of the clans that had pledged allegiance to the Prophet Muhammad started showing dissent by not
As per the research conducted, it is evident that political Islam has led to the rise in conflict in the greater Middle East since its inception. The growth in conflict is indicated by several trends like the destabilization of states. Between
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