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th Zionist congress in Jerusalem in 1968.” It also plays a role in transforming Israel into a western state during World War I and II (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2013).
Gartner (1996) argues that, the ideology of Jews returning to their homeland is evident from biblical precedents where Moses leads the exodus of Israelite from Egypt to their promised homeland. In addition, the immigration of Israelite comes again in 641 BCE when Babylonians conquer Judea. However, in 1897 Theodor Herzl establishes the Zionist movement with the aim of creating a Jewish state. This state provides an opportunity for Jews to escape from anti-Semitism and join the family of nations. The world Zionist organizations are established and together with Birnbaum, there is establishment of Zionist congress to increase the effect of Zionism.
Gottheil (1899) argues that, the 28th Zionist Congress of 1968 in Jerusalem adopts 5 principles as aims of the contemporary Zionism. These principles include: protecting the Jewish rights everywhere; returning the Jewish people into historic homeland; preserving the Jewish identity through fostering Hebrew, Jewish and Zionist education; strengthening the state of Israel; and centralizing and unifying the Jewish people.
According to Goldschmidt & Davidson (2013), after Herzl’s death Zionism separates with Orthodox Judaism and shifts to Communism. This is as a result of cultural and language diversity which makes orthodox religious organizations opposes the Zionism. In addition, this opposition is influenced by Zionism’s secularism and the fact that Jewish rule will only be re-established in Israel by Messiah. However, after the Jewish separates with the Judaism they immigrate to Palestine to form a communism. The Jewish citizens are led by Zionist leader Jabotinsky and form a new revival for the Hebrew language. The Jewish organizations and migrants begin making vast land purchases. For instance, they purchase malarial swamps and drain them to create
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It is argued that unlike regions that are in East Asia or Latin America, the Islamic nations have negatively responded to globalization. The main reason as to why the Middle East has vehemently opposed globalization is the lack of previous cultural penetration in the Islamic world by the Western institutions, ideas and culture.
The author insists that the root cause of the conflicts includes ideas, persons and events .One of the events was the mass exodus of Jews fleeing from oppression they undergone in Eastern Europe. Oppression of Jews in Eastern Europe during the late 1800’s resulted in a mass emigration of Jewish refugees to Palestine.
religion imposed upon the Persians was Islam and conversion to the new faith was the main agenda of the Arabs, which led to the destruction of the traditional creeds and culture. As a result, the Arabs went about their business of conquering the Middle East by commandeering the
His closest friend, and one of his earliest converts, Abu Bakr was selected by consensus as the leader of the fledgling Islamic nation. However, some of the clans that had pledged allegiance to the Prophet Muhammad started showing dissent by not
Due to the confusion and difficult moments in the region, dictatorial regimes are bound to arise putting into doubt the adherence to human right issues.
On the other hand, the rise of radical groups in the Gulf such
As per the research conducted, it is evident that political Islam has led to the rise in conflict in the greater Middle East since its inception. The growth in conflict is indicated by several trends like the destabilization of states. Between
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