The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The U.S Air Force became an independent military service at the end of 1947, following the function of the National Security Act of 1947. This Act developed the National Military Establishment that was afterwards called United States Department of Defence. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI"

The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI Introduction The U.S Air Force became an independent military service at the end of 1947, following the function of the National Security Act of 1947. This Act developed the National Military Establishment that was afterwards called United States Department of Defence. Before 1947, the roles of the military Air Force were split between the Navy and the army. The United States Air Force (USAF) has been a key component of the U.S armed forces, with basic responsibilities for air defence, air warfare, and the creation of military space research. It also offers air services in synchronization with other military departments. Even though the above mentioned roles or responsibilities were simply meant for the Air force, this essay will argue that they have been changing since the First World War up to date.
The U.S military operations in the air started off with the use of balloons for investigations during the Spanish-American War and the American Civil War. After the WWI, the Air Force Service was rapidly reduced to a small fraction of its earlier power. Mitchell became a strong exponent of the movement to initiate a split air force on parity with the navy and the army. Regardless of his efforts, the Army Reorganization Act implemented in 1920 made it a combatant unit in the army. At this time, the Air Corps Act of 1926 made the Armed Air Corps to substitute the Air Service, which was responsible for the logistical support and training of its units, whereas the tactical units were controlled by the Army orders (Stiehm, 2000)
On the eve of the Second World War, dated September 1939, the air arm of the army had a total of 25,000 men and officers and close to 1,500 tactical planes. However, in 1940, the Air Corps were given a role to expand their operations in response to the European events of the time. In March 1942, following American involvement into the war, the entire service unit was merged with the Army Air Forces, which was directed with the extension of the air arm.
During the WWII, the 8th and 15th Air Forces took part in the tactical bombing of Germany, along with the Royal Air Force Bomber Command. Two other air forces, namely the 9th and the 12th were responsible for supplying the U.S air corporation required in the triumphant ground campaigns in the North of Africa, Western Europe, Sicily, and Italy. In the Pacific theatre, three air forces; 5th, 7th, and the 13th units of the air forces joined the Navy and the Army in the subsequent Island invasions that were steppingstones to the defeat of Japan (Stiehm, 2000).
The arrival of the nuclear weapons meant that the U.S air force might play a decisive role in any given superpower conflicting during the Cold War. By this time, the Strategic Air Command (SAC) was established to initiate nuclear-armed bombers. SAC was given a role as the intermediate as well as long-term ballistic arms in 1956. Thus, till 1992 when SAC was abolished, it played a vital role in the nuclear deterrent forces, and was the decisive power in the Allied conquest over Iraq in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Currently, there are 9 major commands in the U.S air force, with the Air Combat Command having the role of combating aircraft established in the continental U.S.
From the major developments of the role of the U.S air forces, it can be noted that responsibilities became tougher and always changed as time went by. However, the ground force, that is, the marines, the army, and the navy have criticized the USAF for providing defensive but offensive roles. Despite this, after it was created, the USAF continuously had decisive role factors in contemporary warfare that should be planned and used as a self-regulating combat force anytime.

Work Cited
Stiehm, Judith. Bring me men and women: Mandated change at the US Air Force Academy. University of California Press, 2000.. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI Essay”, n.d.)
The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI Essay. Retrieved from
(The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI Essay)
The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI Essay.
“The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI

Significance of US Involvement in WWI

...?Sergeant York and WWI Significance of US Involvement in WWI The entry of the United s in 1917 into World War I represents one of the climatic turning points in American history. Its importance, however, hardly exceeds modern America’s collective disregard of it. The World War I had a significant play on the USA’s further development and growth. For corporate America, the war has started long before it began for the common citizens. Charles Schwab, the president of Bethlehem Steel, one of the world’s largest weapons merchants, within first two months of strive took a trip to London having money-making interests in mind where he received contracts from the British...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...? The decision to enter the First World War sparked a series of hot debates between the isolationists and the interventionists in the United States. While the isolationists felt that United State’s involvement in international issues would have grave consequences on the American people, the interventionists were of the opinion that it was quite imperative to help matters in Europe by entering the war. Despite the whole debate, the United States entered the war which proved to have far-reaching repercussions on all the dimensions of the American life. Prior to joining the WWI, the United States enjoyed a blossoming, prosperous years that were evidenced by a rapid growth in the GDP and a positive improvement in the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Diplomatic history of the us since 1914

...demands for ammunition, combat vehicles, etc. The military industry in America is so big that they can sway and influence the decisions taken in the executive branch of government. In effect, since the conclusion of the Second World War, the United States had seen a virtual “war economy”. Such an economic system can only thrive in an atmosphere of international tension and hostility, which is a bad result for humanity at large. Eisenhower was a shrewd statesman and an admirable leader (in the capacities of a General and a President). He understood this nexus between the weapons manufacturers and its employers in the American military. Eisenhower understood the vicious nature of this symbiotic relationship between...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Diplomatic history of the us since 1914

...of the United States support of Israel and the U.S.S.R.’s support of its rivals. Richard Nixon (the President) and Henry Kissinger (a senior member of the Nixon Administration) have had significant roles to play in the manner in which the war eventually played out. Both Nixon and Kissinger dealt with the situation in a cautious and diplomatic manner. The Middle-east region offered economic advantages to its trading partners due to the abundant energy resources available in its terrain. More importantly, it is of strategic importance to both the super-powers, as maintaining dominance over the world order is not possible without controlling the region. By the end of the military conflict the cold-war power alignments...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Diplomatic Role of Residual US Forces in Iraq

...Diplomatic Role of Residual US Forces in Iraq Introduction Political stability in any given country is a very essential aspect and should at all time and cost be maintained since its absence is associated with a lot of negative effects not only to the country of concern but the neighboring countries and those who in one way or the other depend on the country. Iraq is a country that has suffered a lot as a result of political crisis which in return has undermined its functioning for instance in terms of economic growth and development since it becomes difficult to invest in such a situation and also most of the revenue end up being...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

US Role

...US Role Affiliation: What role does the United s play on the Arab/Israeli conflict? Introduction United States has always be in support of Israeli since it was formed in 1948 and hence has been seen to always be siding with it and especially in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attack. American presidents have however tried to play a mediator’s role in the Arab/Israeli conflict but in vain. The conflict was as a result of Israeli taking land from several Arab countries in 1967 including the infamous Gaza strip that has been fought over by Hamas (Jhally and Ratzkoff 2004). The mediation role between the Arab nations and the Israeli...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Air pollution in US

... and cooking, and radon from underground water and soil intrusion (Phalen and Phalen 30). Others include household cleaning and maintenance products such as air fresheners, paints and other solvents, as well as pollen and mold. The relative significance of any given source is dependent on the amount and hazardous levels of its emissions as argued by the US Environmental Protection Agency, EPA. Additionally, humidity and high temperatures may increase the concentrations in some pollutants. Inadequate ventilation allows pollutants to accumulate to risky levels that might cause health problems. EPA has identified 6 outdoor pollutants found all over the United States: ozone, carbon monoxide, particulate matter, lead and sulfur dioxide... . The...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

US History Since 1887 The melancholy of that time in history is very well filmed by the director with the opening scenes showing ramshackle of houses and dust moving in circles all around. This scene portrays what deteriorated condition of the place was at that time. The story is about the struggles of Okies for bread and butter when their farms were closed by force by banks as the banks were financially collapsing. The movie revolves around the Joads family but the central character in my view in Tom Joad, who is released from prison only to find that his family no more live in their house by the farm. He soon finds them in a relatives place. The Joads are happy to have Tom back and they tell him about their plans to go to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Movie Review

The Nature of War and US Security Policy in the Aftermath of the Cold War

According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that as one of the most significant conflicts in modern human history, the Cold War was marked by high expectations of conflict and violence, as well as continuous detailed planning and mobilization for war by the USSR, the US, and their respective allies. Over the course of the Cold War, hegemonic relations and alliances around the US and the USSR incorporated most of the free world with both countries occupying opposite and confrontational positions on most international issues. As a result, countries in the sphere of each hegemon were always in a state of military readiness and the risk of war was ever-present. Indeed, the most bloody post-WWII wars were fought b...

16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

US History since watergate

...US History since Watergate Essay 1974-80: “Clash of Cultures” And Loss of Faith in Government The loss of faith in government was experienced in America in the 1970s due to various reasons. One of such reasons is the rising of oil prices, which prompted President Jimmy Carter to acknowledge publicly that he had failed as a head of state. He acknowledged publicly that American citizens and the government had a very wide gap that was growing each day. Americans were becoming pessimistic about America’s future, and this made them disrespect the government, churches, schools and other institution. The presidential leadership under the custody of Jimmy Carter was under trial, he tried to convince Americans...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Developing Role of the US Air Forces since WWI for FREE!

Contact Us