Colonialism - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
The colonization of the Western hemisphere by different countries started as early as the 11th century with the influx of Catholic Spain and Portugal into the region. An analysis of the whole colonial process in the region indicates that the two main reasons for the colonization…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Colonialism"

Causes of Colonialism The colonization of the Western hemisphere by different countries started as early as the 11th century with the influx of Catholic Spain and Portugal into the region. An analysis of the whole colonial process in the region indicates that the two main reasons for the colonization of the Western hemisphere were economic and religious reason. Though there existed other factors like culture in the colonization process, economic and religious reasons pushed the major colonizers to acquire lands in the New World (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001). For example, research states that Spain was one of the first countries to look for colonies and was in it purely for the economic reason. A treaty influenced by the Pope in the year 1494 demarcated the world into two sides between Catholic Spain and Portugal. Spain sailed into North and South America in search of precious metals and gave little thought to colonizing the areas they went through. However, when other powerful countries like France began taking an interest in the region did Spain start making permanent settlements in North America (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001). Other evidence of the economic reason for colonization can be seen from the influx of the French and Dutch powers into the colonial race. This started as late as the 16th century when both of the powers came into North America and started setting up colonies. This was done with the express aim of exploiting the resources of the New World to benefit the areas back home.
However, religion also played a factor in the setting up of colonies, especially in the case of British controlled North America. First, the Pope in 1494 influenced the drawing up of the treaty that saw the demarcation of the world between Spain and Portugal (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001). One of the main aims of the Catholic Church was to make a lot of converts from the natives in the regions. In the case of the British and the development of different colonies, examples can be cited of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Plymouth Colony in North America was predominantly set up by religious separatists who wanted to be separated from the Church of England. In much the same way, the Massachusetts Bay Colony started commercially but most of its inhabitants became people escaping religious and Crown persecution in England. In this way, the colony nearly became a purely theocratic rule where the church had ultimate authority in all decisions (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001).
From an analysis of the two main reasons for the creation of colonies in the Western Hemisphere, it can be seen that the economic reason was the biggest cause. Despite the fact that most of the colonists sailed under religious affiliations, the colonies that they set up were economic in nature and sought to create wealth for the governments back home. This led to many wars as all the colonialists realized the potential that the lands possessed in terms of agriculture and minerals. The colonists developed the colonies differently but all with the same aim of creating a place where the potential could be realized and wealth created.
Mignolo, W. and Ennis, M. (2001). Colonialism at Large: The Western Hemisphere in the Colonial Horizon of Modernity. The New Centennial Review Vol. 1 (2). Pp. 19-54. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Colonialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Colonialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Colonialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Colonialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Colonialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ornedmund added comment 2 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I didn’t know how to start my text. "Colonialism" helped me out a lot! Especially the list of structure was valuable.


Colonialism & Empire

...Hearing the words of an Empire and Imperialism automatically conjure up images of dictatorial monarchs with extremist ideas pertaining to military expansion and geographical dominance, particular of ages gone by and of historical times. But perhaps this is no more a justifiably accurate view to consider on the matter. Indeed as with almost all things in the modern day age, perhaps the definition of Imperialism has also changed and therefore, perhaps, so should our understanding of it. Is America a modern day Imperialist state and can it be considered as an American Empire? Indeed can there be any such thing as an Empire in today’s sense of the democratic, political world? These are the questions the average American must examine... the words ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Settler Colonialism

...The quest for power led to immigration of settler colonialist into foreign lands. History records immigration and eventual settling of various groups of people in foreign lands. The immigration of these groups into foreign lands involved military invasion and conquest of various foreign territories. Many colonial powers used military support to invade foreign lands and conquer it. Conquered lands assimilated the foreign cultures leading to multicultural practices in the society. European civilization led to the immigration of most Europeans to other continents such as America, Africa, and Asia among others. The invasion by the European colonialist gave birth to cultural changes. Many native settlers adopted the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Groundhog Day

3 Pages(750 words)Movie Review

British Colonialism

...What is Orientalism What is its relation to colonialism From you readings, discuss at least two examples of Orientalism among British colonial . The style for imitating or depicting the various aspects of the Eastern culture in the West by writers, sculptors, architects, artists and designers is termed as Orientalism (Trautman, 1997). Orientalism comes from the word "Orient" which means as East just as "Occident" which means West (Oxford, 2008). As described by Edward Said, Orientalism is the ethnocentric way Europe approached the Asian territories thinking that the people of the orient and Arabic states were gullible and devoid of energy and initiative (Said, 1978). From the British point of view,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Colonialism The largest colonizers in the history of the world-Britain-built an empire over which the "sun never set". (Wikipedia-British Empire) By1930, a quarter of the world's population lived under the British Imperialist umbrella. Even today, after most of these nations have become independent, the British legacy in the form of language, religion, and political, legal, judicial and educational systems, is evident in her former colonies. In this essay we propose to discuss three pieces relating to the British colonial period in the Indian Subcontinent (the term 'subcontinent' in this context includes-apart from India-the countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet,...
14 Pages(3500 words)Book Report/Review

Research paper on the secret society of the skulls

5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...Neo Colonialism Soon after the Iberian conquests by Napolean, the great Spanish and Portugease empires began to fall apart resulting into a massive de-colonization in Latin America during the 19th century. As South American states gained independence from their colonial masters, much did not change in terms of the economic and social distress that had plagued their people for many a century. Even without the political presence of a Colonial power, Latin America was exploited by presence of the economic powers of the time, which was initially Great Britain during the late 19th and early 20th century, and later on ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

European colonialism

...European Colonialism European encounter with their colonial s changed the historical and political landscape of these economies transforming their societal laws, values, religion and culture. European quest for control was largely for territorial rule and economic gain. When Europe conquered America during the 1500, America was characterized by inferior economy with sparse population often associated with high mortality rate. Although the initial effects on colonial states were destructive, it led to improved economic and social conditions in the long run in terms of high population increase, introduction of foreign crops and materials and high per capita earning of these states while at the same time enriching Europe. (De Vries... trade....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


... Colonialism Question Scripts entail colonialism, democracy, and globalization in the Middle East. Some countries in the Middle East find it difficult in reciting the scripts because of post-colonial practices, which have undermined the civil society’s notion. These practices have created geographical and economic scripts that people in the decolonized countries cannot recite. Some interests that differ from national interests, i.e. the industrialized interest makes it hard to recite the scripts. Three key forces, i.e. direct colonization, defensive modernization and imperialism have adversely affected the sovereignty, as well as, the self-determination amongst people in the Middle East. These forces have prevented the region... from...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Colonialism

... as they had perceived Africans as simple, backward and primitive. He wanted to tell the African side of the story. Achebe views colonialism as a brutal imposition on the Igbo people which corrupts their way of life through the missionaries that came preaching peace to make way for colonialism. Q2. The overlapping timelines of Cold War and decolonization have a fascinating interrelationship. Decolonization entailed more that the transfer of juridical and political sovereignty and involved a cultural and an intellectual process that affirmed nationalist self-rule and dethroned European assertions. The superpower conflict encountered during the cold war primarily involved the concerns about fostering control and an opposition... that...
3 Pages(750 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Colonialism for FREE!

Contact Us