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The ancient Greeks were active seafarers seeking opportunity to find new independent cities to trade with at the coast across Mediterranean Sea. These new cities act as their trading station. In these stations Greek goods such as pottery ( 2009.529), bronze, silver, gold vessels olive oil, wine and textiles were exchange for luxury items and toxic raw materials that were in turn worked by Greek craftsmen. They established trading enclaves within existing local communities. The port town of Naukratis (1972.118.142) served as a commercial headquarters for Greek traders in Egypt.
A well established maritime trade routes around the Mediterranean basin enable foreigners to travel to Greece. After the military campaign of Alexandra the great (336_323 B.C.), more extensive trade routes were opened across Asia and extending towards Afghanistan and Indus River Valley ( History 101, lecture 4). The population of the Greeks and their interaction with other societies greatly increased due to trading activity they were involved in. They also had no wring emphasis they only had oral forms of interaction.
Since early Greeks had no political administration and institution, local communities were dominated by “big man” (History 102, lecture 4). The big man was not a king or official or someone with inherited position within an institution but a popular guy and a good warrior who attract followers. The Greeks were greatly involve in warfare unlike other society. They were notoriously aggressive warriors (Drews & Robert, 2009). They “fought to live and lived to fight” and ‘drunk the blood of their enemies and used the scalps as napkins”.
The heavily armed soldiers were standing in a long, parallel
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A caste in the Aryan belief system, called ‘varna’, is part of a hierarchical arrangement of society. Each varna has certain rights and duties. The caste system (varnas) is described in the Rig Veda, which reflects the views of the Brahmin priesthood among the Aryans.
It was believed that he was born at Halicarnassus, a Greek city in Asia Minor. There was no precise record of the date of his birth and death. However, it can be estimated from the details of the book he wrote, The Histories, and from another source book by the Athenian historian.
Lao-Tzu seems to be saying that because of certain lofty ideas, the naturally good qualities of human beings are being stunted or corrupted. The suggestion that holiness and wisdom make people unhappy does not mean that these are bad qualities in themselves, but perhaps that they are ideals which people strive for and can never reach.
Herodotus was a literary genius as he wrote about the wars between the Greek and the barbarians, a history of the struggle between Greece and Persia but he omitted the histories of Carthage, Phoenicia, and Etruria. Herodotus was also a great humanist who saw and respected the universe in the experience and actions of humankind.
Other meanings of the word are a process of reasoning to a composition intended to persuade. The reason as to why a universal definition cannot be formulated is because; its meanings range from presented opinions to disagreements to a discourse.
Three defining features of
Secondly, The King had too much confidence against the Greeks. In that regard, Xerxes and the Persians invaded the Greeks without proper logistics, which was a great risk (Herodotus 161). The third weakness of Xerxes and
The author describes how national unity was maintained in ancient Egypt, despite the differences between the regions of the Upper and Lower Nile, a purpose to human existence and Mycenaean art. National unity was maintained by a strong central government firmly controlled by the Pharaoh who was regarded as a living god.
The focus of this paper is to discuss the various aspects of the ancient Athens city state. Athens is a renowned ancient urban center that has undergone progressive transformations over the years. The subsequent sections
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