Europe's surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
According to Hunt (730), colonies focused on economic ventures whereby they provided investments and key markets for developing businesses…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
Europes surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Europe's surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism"

Europes Surge of Nineteenth-Century Imperialism Imperialism in Europe peaked during the last third of the 19th century and its effects spread out to the early parts of the 20th century. According to Hunt (730), colonies focused on economic ventures whereby they provided investments and key markets for developing businesses. This led to rivalry and competition among nations for new ventures in Africa and Asia. This kind of imperialism was referred to as new because of the scramble to rule more territories directly and not just controlling the trade they had with them (Hunt 730). This new imperialism had its consequences which included conflicts of nations either with each other or with the native people. One such conflict was between China and Britain which according to Marchant (42), was known as the Anglo-Chinese opium wars. In this paper, I am going to show that I agree with Marchant’s implications in her article that the new imperialism in Europe was driven by values central to the rise of progressive trends such as the Enlightenment.
In their trade dealings with China, the British believed that free trade was a way of creating wealth for all nations. This would, in turn, lead to a new world order that maintained peace at all levels. The Chinese, on the other hand, believed that there was no way in which trade could create peace for mankind because they had seen how the Ming dynasty collapsed due to doctrinarism (Marchant 42). The attitudes of the British were based on Enlightenment because they believed that both secular agendas and spiritual changes could improve the human society. They saw ways in which backward nations could gain access to progress even if war was involved. They tried to apply this on China but since China had different views, a war erupted. This was an ideological war that stemmed from differences in the belief of the two nations in free trade.
Britain’s involvement in new imperialism as shown in the way it dealt with China was based on four outlooks. These outlooks were the result of Enlightenment ideas that had progressed over the past century. The first outlook was that God only helped those people who could do something to improve their situation. The second one was that both religious changes and secular agendas established in commerce, science, education, and legislation were a way improving the social status of the human race (Marchant 42). The third outlook was that it was the responsibility of those nations that had already experienced enlightenment to share their ideas with backward nations such as China to help them improve. Finally, the fourth one was based on the events of the Napoleonic War that war might come in handy in order to achieve progress (Marchant 43).
As Hunt (731) notes, the new imperialism intensified international tensions, contrary to promoting peaceful civilization. Other native societies apart from China, such as India also started opposing control by outsiders (Hunt 738). European nations also had conflicts among themselves and so the tension grew over rivalries. At some point at the beginning of the 20th century, colonial powers battled to establish and maintained control. War was an inevitable option and since most of the European imperial powers had amassed wealth and developed weapons (Hunt 781). As a result of the Enlightenment, the new imperialism faced war as solution to the built-up tension. The new imperialism in Europe in a way or the other was driven by values central to the rise of progressive trends, and as we have seen, the Enlightenment played a significant role.
Works Cited
Hunt, Lynn. Making of the West, Volume II: Since 1500: Peoples and Cultures, Volume 2. New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2012. Print.
Marchant, Leslie. “The Wars of the Poppies.” History Today. 52.5 (2002): 42-49. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Europe's surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism Essay”, n.d.)
Europe's surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism Essay. Retrieved from
(Europe'S Surge of Nineteenth-Centry Imperialism Essay)
Europe'S Surge of Nineteenth-Centry Imperialism Essay.
“Europe'S Surge of Nineteenth-Centry Imperialism Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Europe's surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism

British imperialism

.... Harlow, UK: Pearson Education Limited. Fischer-Tine, H. (2009). Hierarchies of Punishment in Colonial India: European Convicts and the Racial Dividend, c. 1860-1890. In: H. Fischer-Tine & S. Gehrmann, ed. Empires and Boundaries: Rethinking Race, Class, and Gender in Colonial Settings. New York: Routledge., pp. 41-65. Isaac, B. (2004). The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Johnson, R. (2003). British Imperialism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Magubane, B. (1996). The Making of a Racist State: British Imperialism and the Union of South Africa, 1875-1910. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press. Malik, K. (1996). The Meaning of Race: Race,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Corporate Imperialism

...?Bin Wang Ms. Motoike English March 28, They Have the Same Extraction A person who robs people is called a robber. Robbers usually target the weak such as the old people, teenagers or women whom they could rob easily. These weak groups offer them an opportunity to rob and live by this “job”. Nevertheless, behaviors such as a country invading another country are still called robbery, although referred to as imperialism. Imperialism means a country invades another country either through direct territorial conquest or through indirect methods of exerting control on the politics and economy of that country. From the article “Shooting an elephant”, which was written by Orwell, imperialism is...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Imperialism a number of key technological developments’ (p. 8).The initial Industrial Revolution arose in Great Britain. It caused a dramatic increase in industries, therefore a huge amount of manufactured goods and improved services. The demand for goods brought about by the Industrial Revolution assisted to clear the way for Imperialism Age since Great Britain and ultimately all of Europe hunted more raw materials and natural resources. Imperialism is the system in which a stronger state(s) seeks to dominate less developed state(s) both economically and politically. Although the European imperialism on Africa and other countries was...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...? Economics: Imperialism, Veblen Veblen, Capitalists Rely On Two Principal Means of Cultural Discipline and Social Control to Keep Profit Rates Up: Patriotism, Nationalism, Militarism, and Imperialism; and Emulative Consumption One can understand this well by looking at Veblen Reform Eras attempt to protect the society against the financial institutions. For him, the real estate investors, the oil companies, and many companies were busy exploiting the rest of the society and there was need to protect the society against this. For many, the industrial revolution would eventually be strong enough to ensure that the benefits were actually well distributed in the society. Even so, the rise of World War 1...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...The rationale behind the British, French, German and Italy's imperial expansion into Africa is the of debate. Some political historians argue the rationale to be purely economic, while others insist that it was primarily political. The colonial powers themselves sought to explain their actions in ethical and moral terms. Within the context of this particular explanation, they were motivated by the imperatives of penetrating the darkness that was Africa through the extension of knowledge, education, religion and civilization (Roshwald, 1994). Needless to say, the aforementioned explanation has been largely dismissed as baseless and little more than a transparent attempt to legitimize the overt exploitation of an entire continent... and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

20th Centry Music history

...PHILIP GLASS Philip Glass is one of the most important living composers. He was born in Baltimore in 1937 and spent many years going through his family’s record collections which included a lot of modern music. After studying philosophy and music during his education, he discovered he was attracted to minimalist music such as that of Anton Webern and Arnold Schoenberg. During time spent in Paris, he was also powerfully influenced by the theater of Samuel Beckett,1 which in many ways is similar to Glass’s music: it is repetitive, not especially dynamic, and nothing seems concluded at the end of the piece (which is not to say it is in any way bad.) During much of his life Glass has collaborated with other artists: some of them... GLASS Philip...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Technological the 19th Century Western Imperialism

...’ development of naval power in the sea. (Black, 2002 p135) During the period of the nineteenth century, according to Berard, science and technology aided Europe in the imperialism age. Exploration started as early as the fifteenth century and helped to spread the culture of the West to the Americas, Africa and Asia. Emanating from this, Europe had gained a lot of supremacy in the entire globe and thus influenced the whole world. However, it was the high levels of competition among the colonizing states and the resistance from the colonized that would see the domination by imperialists tumble down. (Berard, 2002) On the other hand, Curtin, in his book, argues that the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...Imperialism is a term in the public dis that invites a wealth of negative connotations, regardless of the context in which one uses the term. It invokes imagery of superpower conquest of vulnerable, primitive people, and the exploitation of natural resources to feed commercially hungry and greedy industrial nations. Aside from these value-laden, extravagant representations of abuse and mistreatment, the issue of imperialism deserves a dispassionate look into what it means (both in the past and in the present) for a state to be an imperial power: extending its political reign across cultural and social boundaries. Like many other terms in the popular lexicon, imperialism is one that finds its use in bolstering the emotional appeals... of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...Critical Analysis of Imperialism from a Theoretical Perspective Introduction Though the term “Imperialism” was first usedto refer to the expansionist policies of Napoleon I, and is frequently associated with the colonial rule of the European states over other countries, ‘imperialism’ is as old as Empire is. Referring to its long history D. K. Lake says, “It is one of the oldest known political institutions, characterizing relations between peoples in ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Rome through modern Europe” (7232). While defining imperialism, scholars often are found to be blindfolded by its negative impacts. For an instance, Michael Parenti depends on...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

19th Century Europe: Imperialism and Industrial Revolution

... 19TH CENTURY EUROPEImperialism was a policy that got formulated by the Europeans. Their main intention was an extension of their control over foreign nations as a means of acquisition of empires. They either did this through direct conquest or imposing their power on the economy or politics of other countries. European countries maintained dominance on distant lands in Africa or South Asia regardless of whether the country called itself an empire or not. Imperialism and conquest seemed to heighten in the period between 1870 and 18901. The initial plan of imperialism was to reorganize Africa and south Asia which were dependent regions, to bring them into the world...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Europe's surge of nineteenth-centry imperialism for FREE!

Contact Us