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The civil rights movement originated from the struggle of different groups in America, which were fighting for the rights accorded to them by the American Constitution. The civil rights movement was characterized by the struggle of African-Americans to achieve equality from the oppression they faced, which was due to their skin color. African-Americans were not allowed the same rights as white Americans, which culminated in the social uprisings of 1950 and 60s after black Americans sought to challenge the public authorities and the social system that denied them their rights to equal treatment (Lawson 140). Importantly, the civil rights movement received support from sections of the majority whites who identified the importance of equality in the society. The civil rights movement started after the civil war of 1861-1865, which culminated to the end of slavery with African-Americans recognized as American citizens besides attaining the right to vote. However, the social systems and the white community viewed blacks as inferior people and they failed to uphold the laws giving blacks equal rights as white citizens. To the South, much legislation was passed, allowing the discrimination of blacks at public places and public service centers. The struggle for equal rights between black and other Americans was the root cause of the civil rights movement (Lawson 76).
During the years between 1861 and 1865, the slavery of African Americans was ended, leading to the recognition of blacks as American citizens – which allowed them the right to vote. Even after the end of slavery, the blacks were exposed to the prejudice of white Americans, disregarding the equal rights accorded to them by the American constitution. In South America, the case was worse as many laws were instituted to legalize the separation of black and white people at different social utilities and public places. The modern civil rights
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In that period, African Americans were experiencing many obstacles. They were treated as slaves, not allowed to own land and have jobs, and they did not have the same justice as whites. An instance of unequal justice was witnessed when Emmett Till, a black person, was murdered in Mississippi for only whistling to a white woman.
This practice took place in Africa during the early times even before the landing of the Europeans or any other groups. This is because slavery occurred between different ethnic tribes that were in Africa and was perpetrated by kidnapping, capturing prisoners during war, selling debtors and convicting people of various crimes.
These procedures were extremely tenuous in most states hence; most movements were not able to achieve the set standards. This paper will describe how Martin Luther King and Malcolm X had a vast influence in the civil rights movement. In the early 1960s, America was struggling to cope with anxiety through several methodologies.
It involved men and women of African American origin, as well as white Americans, who led the movement locally and nationally via legal means, non-violent protests, petitions, and negotiations. From my understanding, the movement has also greatly influenced the women’s rights and student movements in the 60s.
Violence and civil rights struggle in the United Stated is not a recent problem for it links directly to the colonial and the post colonial events resulting in the black man segmentation. The blacks from the very beginning of their presence in the US as slaves contributed to their state of affairs in the society and today they are still the minority in the society receiving calmly the poor treatments from the white population who still feel superior.
Still, legal and social changes also dictated that the movement evolve with the cultural and social turmoil of the times. The movement of the 1920s laid the groundwork for the emotionally charged civil rights movement of the 1950s, though there were contrasting differences.
The perpetrators of social injustice do resort to such unreasonable generalizations as an excuse for denying the basic civil rights to a group of people. Racial and ethnic biases stand to be the most potent forms of prejudice. However, the history of many civil rights movements have time and again established beyond doubt that non-violence stand to be the most apt weapon to combat social injustice and brutality.
Obviously, the document was designed to prevent workforce shortages during the wartime and had absolutely no effect on segregationist policies implemented in education and employment, and discrimination persisted (Stephanopoulos and Edley, 1995). Such reluctance to provide minorities with equal rights could have cost the United States loss in the Cold War.
According to the report Civil Rights Movement the Supreme Court ruling established that segregation was not legal, and set into motion a series of subsequent events, many manipulated by the participants of the Civil Rights movement, that caused states to rescind segregation both in law and in practice.
This website courtesy of BBC News provides various pictures of some of the people who have sparked, inspired, or are key proponents of the civil rights movement. It also provides a vivid picture of the social atmosphere during that time like sit in of black activists and the picketing of white high school students who are against integration.
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