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Water wars the Middle East - Essay Example

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In the paper “Water wars the Middle East” the author analyzes concerns over future water wars, which have become widespread in reports of environmental groups and NGOs, research studies, and policymakers. The major assumption of the ‘water wars hypothesis’ is that growing competition among countries with rapidly increasing populations…
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Water wars the Middle East
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Download file to see previous pages Fresh water is a very important resource that is in short supply and continuously diminishing in numerous regions across the globe. In barren, semi-arid, and desert regions, like the Middle East, water shortages are a serious problem. Regions lacking access to adequate supply of water resources had witnessed vicious competitions for fresh water supplies since ancient times.  The likelihood of conflict is aggravated by the fact that numerous major rivers extend to the territories of various nations, and political boundaries partition underground water tables. Proponents of the water wars hypothesis cite numerous subjective proofs to substantiate their assumption that conflicts over access to water resources will lead to wars, like the statement of former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat that Egypt will soon fight over water resources, or the warnings of Turkey to discontinue water supply from Euphrates to the detriment of Iraq.  However, these predictions are not actually backed up by evidence, and are filled with methodological weaknesses. Declaring a trend, like what Peter Gleick, a well-known environmental security scholar, did is unjustifiable because Gleick and others do not take into consideration the earlier prevalence of conflicts over water, which requires a comparison between the prevalence of actual instances of conflict and the number of such instances across the globe. 
The examination of present and future situations is also subjective and unreliable, and the affirmation of a trend is not supported. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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