Although it may be convenient to view the reconstruction as something of an individual period of time that helped to define the post-Civil War experience as a function of rebuilding the South and seeking to re-engage and re-incorporate many formerly hostile individuals under the…
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irm understanding of the ways in which reconstruction affected the United States much necessarily break down into highly specialized examinations of key groups and individual changes as any broad judgments make the risk of glossing over the ways in which minor details worked together to create major differentials. As a function of this, this brief analysis will seek to answer the following 5 key questions with relation to reconstruction: identification and discussion of two major historical turning points during the Reconstruction period, the impact of these two major historical turning points on society, economy, culture, and politics, discussion of two ways the Reconstruction period may have been different had Lincoln lived, discussion of how industrialization and urbanization affected the life of the average working American, and two examples of how the federal and/or state courts and legislatures handed down decisions or passed laws during the period that served to discriminate against non-white citizens and immigrants (Nilsson 2012).
With reference to the first question, the two major historical turning points during the period under the Reconstruction can definitively be those of the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad and the dawn of the industrial period ushered in by the Gilded Age (Bentrix 2007). Both of these factors helped to represent newfound opportunities for a host of disenfranchised and downtrodden individuals who had seen the hope of a better life all but implode as a result of the Civil War. With respect to the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, this enabled poorer families from back East to risk it all and move West in hopes of building a better life. In this way, the availability of the frontier was again able to absorb much of the historical difficulties that the American people had experienced. Secondly, the dawn of the industrial age helped to give a host of out of work farmers and others individuals well paying jobs
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The states were divided between the North and the South. One of the main causes of the war was the difference in the economic strengths and manner of operations between the northern states and the southern states. While both regions were strongly agriculture, the northern states were more advanced in terms of commercial agriculture than the southern region.
The Union forces had destroyed the Southern systems and had made everything come to a stall including the social and economic status which had originally been based on slavery. The southern had reached a point of no salvage due to the destruction caused by the Unions.
James Fearon (2007), defines a civil war as "a violent conflict within a country fought by organized groups that aim to take power at the center or in a region, or to change government policies". Since it is a protracted internal violence and as compared to interstate wars it may last for decades (Fearon and Laitin 2003; Fearon 2004), therefore it can be differentiated from revolution or coup d'etat.
The Vietnam War (1954–1975) originated in the nationalist struggle against French colonialism. This independence movement was led by Ho Chi Minh, who formed the Vietnam Revolutionary League (Vietminh). In 1940, with France’s surrender to the Axis Powers in World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam.
From a historical perspective, Reconstruction Era ensued immediately after the American civil war. It covered a period of 12 years from 1865-1877. Civil war took place in the Southern region, and emerged as an armed struggle between the Northern Union and the Southern states.
In the years (1865-1877), there was much of the reconstruction which happened towards the south. The rebuilding of the southern region began quickly and progressed massively although it was a difficult process. This was due to the social question of integrating more than 4 million freed slaves and the political question of integrating the rebel states in the nation (Seldn, 2010).
Rebel factions and governments take part in protracted wars as each group tries to seize control of the vast mineral resources. On the other hand, lack of the resources can also lead to conflicts Somalia being a case in example (Weberisk, 2008). Natural resources have become an important source of revenue for warring groups since the end of Cold War (Cramer, 2006).
Further, the railroad provided a force multiplier for the Union in terms of enhancing industrialization and manpower. In this sense, nations were adaptable in terms of mobilizing and supplying large contingent of soldiers and resulted in the spread of warfare to other continents.
However, in the history of the United States, since freeing themselves from British control, no war has ever been fought on American soil, accept one; the American Civil War. This war began when the Unions pressures to disband and do away with the slave industry that the south was entirely dependent upon.
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