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The tendency to justify certain notions of race supremacy based on genetic research on different human groups has been reversed in the due process and instead all claims of correlation between genetic features and race have been proven faulty (MacEachern, 358). A “continental genetic tree of African populations” has been prepared by Cavalli-Sforza, Menozzi, and Piazza (MacEachern, 364). It was also proved through such studies that climate and latitude essentially had an effect on “different gene frequencies” seen in African populations (MacEachern, 364). Th revelation that environment has a determining impact on the genetic make up has great political implications and provides hope for uniting humanity in a moral and cultural sense. Another discovery regarding the people of Africa by geneticists showed that the present day African people had in their genetic make up, traces of “Caucasoid” people of Europe and South West Asia as a result of “imported genes” (MacEachern, 364). On the other hand, it has also been proved, the European people with their white skin emerged from African populations under the influence of the different environmental conditions and a number of different population groups with specific genetic characteristics existed in between these two groups (MacEachern, 365). In this manner, genetically there existed “two-way relations” (MacEachern, 365). An intereting thing to note with respect to African human gene pool is that “the high level cluster of sub-Saharan African populations contains 33 of the 49 populations of the phylogenetic tree” (MacEachern, 365). This again led to more clarity regarding a universal genetic make up of human kind. Researchers like Cavalli-Sforza, Thomas, Turnbull, Mbuti and Biaka have contributed in confirming the gene admixture involved through their studies on the genetic characteristics of
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