StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights with regards to the AIDS epidemic in subsaharan Africa - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
At the First International Consultation of HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in July of 1989 the United Nations (UN) proposed to set guidelines for policy and practice in the treatment of people infected with HIV/AIDS to ensure compliance with all international law…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights with regards to the AIDS epidemic in subsaharan Africa
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights with regards to the AIDS epidemic in subsaharan Africa"

Download file to see previous pages The CHR's request was based on the Secretary General's statement during the 51st session of the UN in which he stated:
of the complex relationship between the public health rationale and the human rights rationale of HIV/AIDS. In particular, Governments could benefit from guidelines that outline clearly how human rights standards apply in the area of HIV/AIDS and indicate concrete and specific measures, both in terms of legislation and practice, that should be undertaken (Para. 135)
In order to meet this objective the Second Annual International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights under the leadership of United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS along with their cosponsors (hereafter, UNAIDS)2 was held in Geneva from 23 to 25 September of 1996 to finalise guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights. Secondly, the members upon acceptance of the final form of the guidelines set out recommendations to ensure the guidelines are disseminated and implemented by all UN intergovernmental bodies, nations and non-government agencies.
The basic human rights guiding principles as established by the UN with regard to HIV/AID are contained in Appendix A on page 26. Several of the principles are of specific interest with regard to the current research topic. One of these guiding principles is the 'Right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications.' In this principle the UN recognises that every person regardless of where they live is entitled to quality health care, current treatment methods, preventative supplies, counselling and testing. They further acknowledged that third world and emerging nations do not necessarily have the means, resources and funding necessary to accomplish this. To that end, they spell out the need to supply within countries and between nations the fundamental supplies and resources for this to occur. This is further emphasised in principle 14 which more expressly states that "International support, from both the public and private sectors, for developing countries for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights Essay”, n.d.)
Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1529118-critically-assess-the-role-of-the-un-in-the-protection-of-human-rights-with-regards-to-the-aids-epidemic-in-subsaharan-africa
(Critically Assess the Role of the UN in the Protection of Human Rights Essay)
Critically Assess the Role of the UN in the Protection of Human Rights Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1529118-critically-assess-the-role-of-the-un-in-the-protection-of-human-rights-with-regards-to-the-aids-epidemic-in-subsaharan-africa.
“Critically Assess the Role of the UN in the Protection of Human Rights Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1529118-critically-assess-the-role-of-the-un-in-the-protection-of-human-rights-with-regards-to-the-aids-epidemic-in-subsaharan-africa.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights with regards to the AIDS epidemic in subsaharan Africa

The UN system for the protection of Human Rights

...?Running Head: UN System for Protection of Human Rights UN System for Protection of Human Rights [Institute’s UN SYSTEM FOR PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS Introduction According to its definition, Justiciability refers to the limit over the court and legal bodies on their ability to exercise their judicial authority over issues. Justiciable matters are those over which the court possesses the ability and authority to provide an adequate resolution of the dispute. This is true because not all matters that are brought in front of a court can be resolved by the court. For example, courts all over the world believe that political questions are not justiciable since the court is not competent to issue a decision in those matters (Serrano & Popovski...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Protection of Human Rights

... on human rights, as it gives the individual an active role on the international arena" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Convention_on_Human_Rights The European convention is perhaps the highest body in the world that provides great amount of protection of the individual human rights of a person, as opposed to another person and also against member states. There is a rarely used option of one State complaining against another state in matters of Human Rights. Human rights enshrined by the Convention are (from Article 1 to 27): obligation to respect human rights, right to life, prohibition of torture, prohibition of slavery, right to liberty and security, right to a fair trial, no punishment without law, right to respect...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Protection of Human Rights

... regarding the protection of human rights in England: 'human rights remain at the heart of the foreign policy agenda and the UK works through international forums and bilateral relationships to spread the values of human rights, civil liberties and democracy'3. This paper will evaluate the development of English law on human rights in comparison with the international law on the specific issue (with a special reference to USA and Australia). In this context, the EU laws and the laws of countries within the international community, like USA and Australia, are going to be examined in order to identify the main elements of human rights law as they are highlighted and respected by countries internationally. The potential conflict among existed...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

European Human Rights Protection

...Introduction Derogation is abolition of law so as to fulfill a particular purpose or to meet a certain objective. In the case of derogation the rule is usually abolished partially. The security of the nation or state is a vital element at times it takes priority over some human right. Some security measures taken by some European Countries have also limited some human freedom. Human right treaties have also recognized the fact that matters of National interest have to be given priority over some human rights. Some restriction may also be put in place to protect their rights of other individuals from violation. Limitation justification relies on several factors, these are A European nation may permit to derogate from certain European...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

International Human Rights Protection

... made on the basis of sex ... in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field." The agenda is then spread over fourteen such articles including human reproduction aspects and their rights therein. While cultural and legal status of women receives maximum attention, their rights to education, employment, economic and social activities are also critically assessed. It also declares full equality of women in civil and business matters and that any instrument restricting such legal capacity shall be null and void. Marriage, family relations and rights with regard to choice of spouse, parenthood, personal rights and command over property receive detailed description. In reproductive function, it requires shared...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

AIDS Epidemic in Africa

This is due to the intense effort of government and non-government organizations to push large-scale media and education prevention programs since the mid eighties. Resulting in a drop of infection from 14% of the population in the early 1990's to 8% in 2000 (Feachem 2007:Internet).
Africa is a beautiful continent with its many countries, animals and diversity. Despite these positive aspects, Africa is suffering from one of the world's worst AIDS epidemics. Every Saturday, nearby cemeteries are busy with the arrival of people who have died from AIDS. It is said that in South Africa, one of every ten people has AIDS. Some 17 million people in Africa have died representing almost 80% of AIDS deaths worldwide. This is the equiva...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Problems of Human Activities

A lion’s share of the industrial, cultural and academic leadership is made up of the baby boomers. The baby boomers also have the highest median household income in the United States of America. An undue burden is being placed by these baby boomers on their children’s economy. They are in a state of denial regarding their aging and death and thereby they do not plan for their retirement. Since there is a too rapid decline in population the immigrants help in maintaining the fertility rate and population of the country. This too leads to a plethora of problems. These immigrants sometimes do not join the mainstream of their adopted country and live in groups following their own culture and customs instead of assimilating...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

An Evaluation of the Role That the Principles of Behaviour Therapy Have to Play in Clinical Hypnosis

Hamburg (2006) first used this combined effort to treat two patients who were scared of dying. He uses his paper to encourage clinicians to refrain from not using their knowledge at the introductory classes of hypnosis but to go into it deeper. Many therapists at that time were taking the bold step of combining behavior therapy with hypnosis (Chaves, 2006). One group used hypnosis for desensitization therapy (Kirsch et al, 1995). However, there was general disagreement about the manner of hypnosis being employed and the methods of mentalist constructs. Chaves who strongly believed in the treatment combination used it as a base for many of his therapeutic interventions (Chaves, 1997a as cited in Chaves, 2006). The hypnotic therapy...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

Comparison of Leading Womens Role in Portrait of Teresa and Salt of Sea

... Number] Comparison of leading Women’s role in Portrait of Teresa and Salt of Sea Every society has different values,traditions and perceptions regarding the role of women that fit within their historical, cultural and social contexts. The cinema being an important cultural institution and reflector of social values tends to depict the role of women in movies to refer their current status as well as to motivate them playing a non traditional role for some specified purposes. In the movies “Portrait of Teresa” and “Salt of the earth” also, the directors Pastor Vega and Herbert Biberman have presented the roles of women in quite encouraging manner to show the women’s potential of playing a revolutionary and defining role in setting up trends...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

... international treaties that affirm human rights, and that these are binding on the signatory states. An assessment regarding the binding nature of the provisions of the UDHR was made in this work. The UDHR was instrumental in the development of international law, specifically the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). Furthermore, the role of ICCPR and ICESCR, which derive from the UDHR were examined. This was done by referring to case law and opinions of various authors. It also analysed UN Charter provisions, such as the preamble, Article 1(3), 2, 13(1), 51, 55, 56, 62(2) and 68.3 This work arrived at conclusions, by establishing...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Issues Connected to Human Resources Management

Notably, management professionals would agree, HRM system is an integration of various management practices with ‘people’ at its prime focus (Jackson, Schuler & Werner, 2008); and, the common factor between business organisations and educational institutions is ‘people,’ although their goals differ. This could be one main reason for attempting to implement HRM in educational institutions, although it is customized to organisational benefit.

Halachmi’s (2002a) extensive analysis on performance measurement clearly indicates the need for performance measurement in order to achieve the goals; and, it, in turn, establishes targets aligned to organisational goals and expectations; makes evalu...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Communication Role at the Workplace

Internal communication in any organization has been found to play a significant role in regard to role achievement in any business venture. When the internal communication department closely works with the top management, it has been found that job satisfaction levels rise which in effect translates to higher individual and group output from the workers (HRM guide, 2009). It is the role of the internal communication department to ensure that the strategic organizational direction is passed on to all employees and followed as planned so as to guarantee the achievement of intended outcomes.
With the current developments towards globalization, knowledge availability has become more readily available and the economy has approache...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Evaluation of the Role of Human Networks in Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Sharing Within Patni

The extensive literature review has been undertaken to justify the actions of Patni and to appreciate its initiatives that enhance employee participation. The steps taken by this Indian IT giant in institutionalizing organizational learning have been discussed largely from the perspective of human resource management and it has also been discussed as to how knowledge generation takes place within the organization.

This report will aim at critically evaluating the role of human networks in knowledge creation and knowledge sharing within Patni Computer Systems Ltd. (Patni). For this purpose, an extensive literature review will be undertaken and various theories pertaining to human resource management will be made use of....
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Perspectives of Human Thought in Visual Arts

The different cultural expressions that are located within art are designed to create a specific expression for the art that is used.  This connects throughout time to create a universal expression that can be understood within the visual arts.  While each of these is based in a different medium and has specific techniques used for a certain time period, there is also a connection with the cultural and human experiences that are linked within this. The common function that is used in both of these is to create a perception of human thoughts for the culture of the time. This is achieved by using specific techniques and contrasts to achieve the end goal of identifying the thoughts of a time period.

The painting...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

What Makes Role Play Essential in Kid's Development

Grown-ups habitually recognize, directly after meeting someone, what form of communication is about to take place, and what the limitations restricting the communication will be (Sutton-Smith & Ariel, 2002). Because role-play conversation takes place in a fantasy, staged world, it is less hampered by physical and social reality.
Between the ages of 5 and 7, children gain a broad array of social and cognitive abilities (Amsel & Byrnes, 2002). Psychologists have discovered that these are formative years for the growth of mind theories, the growth of the ability to construct and represent stories, the growth of social cognition, the growth of the personality, the growth of advanced fantasy play, and the growth of intersu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

How Do Customers Assess Service Quality of Retailing Websites

Given the emergent nature of online commerce, it is a tough task for retailers to develop a website that meets all expectations from consumers. This view is supported by a survey conducted by the UK’s largest e-consultancy Cap Gemini. The survey identified several key disadvantages for online shoppers. Some of these include “’ Availability’, ‘Can’t be in to receive delivery’, ‘Premium charged for delivery’, ‘Can’t see or feel the merchandise’, etc.” (Quader & Quader, 2008) These are not trivial complaints by any means and despite the e-retailing industry setting foot into its third decade in existence, there are no satisfactory solutions found for th...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Critically assess the role of the UN in the protection of human rights with regards to the AIDS epidemic in subsaharan Africa for FREE!

Contact Us