From these stops, it is clear that Japan has had moments of transformation. However, one thing that I have learnt is that the Meiji Restoration marked an important phase in the modernization of Japan. It was a transformation from the feudal Tokugawa Empire which had witnessed a decline in Japan’s economic and social power. The Meiji Restoration introduced economic, social, and military reforms, with Japan opening up to western science and technology. At the same time, the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings left a huge scar in Japan. It was a dark period for the nation.
The first stop is the year 1837. This is when Tokugawa Leyoshi becomes the 12th Shogun, marking the start of the Tokugawa Empire. Japan at this time returns to anti-western policies. This period is characterized by social and fiscal disruption. The market economy is growing, and there is a complex monetary system is in place. This system is based on agriculture. This system supports both the farming classes, as well as the privileged samurai classes. The samurai classes are rather unproductive. It is a feudal class system that consists of the Samurai, farmer, artisan, and the merchant in that order. During this period, people have to do with high rents and taxes, and harsh living conditions. One peculiar observation is that women are supposed to shave their eyebrows, as well as blacken their teeth. With the conservative and isolationist policies, the country is limited in its participation with global trade. This Tokugawa