Download file to see previous pages...
There were 600 subjects, all who were African American men. There were a total of 399 men who tested positive from syphilis and 201 who were not infected. The objective of the study was to learn the effects of Syphilis on men. Upon the discovery of penicillin, it was not administered to those who were sick. When the study began, rules and guidelines on how to treat human beings in an experimental study had not been developed. As the study went on regulations on how to treat human subjects were coined. Tuskegee Syphilis Study ignored the guideline; hence, it became one of the most unethical studies ever conducted on human beings (Baker, 1260).
Public health law created by Henderson Act in 1943 directed all people who had been diagnosed with syphilis to get penicillin treatment. Penicillin had been prescribed as the best treatment appropriate and safe for syphilis. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study failed to comply.
World health Organization in 1964 through a declaration presented regulations on how human subjects should be treated in a study. In Tuskegee Syphilis Study, the subjects were not given treatment. Lack of treatment exposed the subjects to possible death. Tuskegee Syphilis Study ignored the regulations which implied that the value of human life was higher than the results of the study. Moreover, the declaration required a study to be discontinued if it causes harm to the subjects. The benefits of the study should be abandoned if the study endangered the subjects. Additionally, the consent of the human subjects was made mandatory and should be written before the study commences. Tuskegee Syphilis Study did not get the consent of the subject, nor did they inform them what the research entailed. They thought they were benefitting from the medical procedures (Gray, 35).
Curran (730) mentions that, the Tuskegee Syphilis Study completely failed to follow the ethics and did not give protection to the subjects. After the introduction of
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best-known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study.
The various statistical variations of syphilis in United States have been highlighted. The clinical course of the infection has been discussed in the form of four stages which are primary, secondary, latent and tertiary stages. The various organs affected in all the stages and the common sites of occurrence of the ulcers and their characteristics have been brought forward.
Despite the fact that he has been diagnosed positively with syphilis, he keeps refusing to accept the diagnosis and therefore does not seek treatment although it possible that he could be cured. Wallace’s main problem is without doubt psychological, unlike his wife who suffers from and incurable disease.
Moreover, the importance lies in the fact that the researchers involved in study of infectious diseases should follow basic ethics while experimenting which was not followed in Tuskegee experiment.
WEEK 2 DISCUSSION: There are a number of websites out there that give information about basic immunology.
The original venture was intended to be six to twelve months in length and transformed into a venture designed to mimic a similar Norwegian study on syphilitic white males that had been untreated for long periods of time prior to the study and through no fault of the
issues in public health research and practice, we must acknowledge the legacy of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. This is because the Tuskegee Syphilis study invokes the images, as well as reflects the ideas needed by the public health workers to provide services and conduct