Good leadership ensures rights and liberty of citizens, upholds justice, and boosts citizens’ participation in legislation process. Authoritarian leadership is detrimental to national development as all power and…
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The new political institutions such as the electorate and form of government set up must be voluntaristic, whereby the people contribute to their outcome. Centralization of these is essential in order to promote public policy, rather than personal interests (Lijphart 163-164).
Democracies must have functioning political parties and electorate systems as these are the foundation of democratic rule. In this country, a multi-party system is the best approach for political parties. Choosing this ensures that citizens can determine whom they want to govern the country. Unlike a two-party system, a multi-party system gives full representation to the people, especially considering the ethnic diversity of this country (Lijphart 168-170). In this country therefore, multi-party will help in addressing the issue of multi-ethnicity.
The most appropriate electorate system for this new democracy is the proportional representation. This allows for the political equality, minority participation, a participatory leadership, and the consideration of the preferences of voters in the polity. Proportional electorate therefore enhances equality and fairness. Unlike majority system, which focuses on the effectiveness of governance only, representation system focuses on effective governance as well as the representation of the minority in the polity. Proportional representation leads to the satisfaction of citizens in their country governance. This system is in alignment with democracy as it allows for personal choice, which is an individual’s right, and allows voting for personalities, and not manifestos. It is also a simple system, which is easy to understand. In addition, this formula has an integrating and concentrating effect for electors and society. The electioneering process must be conducted carefully by the legislature, which
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A democratic political system allows ideal approximation of democracy. However, democracy has evolved with time from the old democracy to the modern democracy with very distinguishing characteristics. Indeed, the world should be prepared for the emergence of new forms of democracy in the 21st century.
The author states that the decisive democratic transformation by South Africa has been a source of inspiration for civilization. Only a few analysts predicted such radical progress, considering the bloody and long history of the country against apartheid. Today, many parts of the African continent and across the world are experiencing civil wars.
Will it be possible for more African nations to transition to democracy? As many authoritarian regimes face challenges in the African continent today, a fundamental question remains as to whether more African countries will be able to transit to democracy.
Factors that Accounted for South Africa’s 1994 Transition to Democracy
The vigorous historiography debate on the nature of conflict during apartheid and the democratic transition in South Africa commenced in the early 1970s. The transition period (1978-1989) was full of animosity, resistance and conflicts.
The current wave of democracy can be described as the third wave of democratization in the world history (Diamond, 2005). The first fight for democratization process began in the 1820 and lasted for a century up to 1926. The outcome was the realization of 29 democratic states.
To make the transition phase to be as less traumatic as possible it is very crucial to have a clear idea about the concept of transition and its issues or concerns in students with severe disabilities. Transition has been defined as "A process that seeks to establish and implement a plan for either employment or additional vocational training for students with disabilities" (Murphy, 1987).
Immobile, with the periphery well underneath one percent in addition to through abnormality in the election -counting procedure being contest, progressive previous Mexico capital mayor, Andrs Manuel Lpez Obrador of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), possibly will possibly eke out a success.
In relation to this fact, researchers argue that it is mandatory that countries that aim to take part in any process to lay down all the techniques necessary for success of an ideology. Some of the processes that