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How Bismarck used wars to bring about the creation of the new German state.Why was Bismarck successful in unifying Germany when the revolution of 1848 failed to do so - Essay Example

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Prussia not only became the most powerful and foremost constituent of new Germany, but he made sure that authoritarian rule was…
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How Bismarck used wars to bring about the creation of the new German state.Why was Bismarck successful in unifying Germany when the revolution of 1848 failed to do so
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How Bismarck used wars to bring about the creation of the new German Why was Bismarck successful in unifying Germany when the revolution of 1848 failed to do so?
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History and Political Science
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11/16/2012
How Bismarck used wars to bring about the creation of the new German state. Why was Bismarck successful in unifying Germany when the revolution of 1848 failed to do so?
Bismarck used the Prussian military and diplomacy both to accomplish unification in Germany, but excluded Austria from the area of unified Germany. Prussia not only became the most powerful and foremost constituent of new Germany, but he made sure that authoritarian rule was implemented in Prussia.1
The Revolution of 1848 failed to unite Germany or to give birth to the constitutionally united Germany. It was due to the fact that the monarch of Prussia, Frederick William IV declined to take the crown which was presented to him by Frankfurt Assembly. He devised his own plan to unify Germany, which called for an establishment of a Prussian Union. At that time, Austria was not willing to recognize a united Germany predominated by Prussia. Thus, a meeting was held at Olmutz by Austrians n the November of 1980 which was torn down by Prussians and thus the contract of Prussian Union was given up. This meeting is seen by the Prussian historians as a disgrace of Olmutz. Significantly, the Prussians were more dominant in Zollverein operations and thus the Germans created a union in 1834 to renaissance to free trade. The five German states, comprising Austria, were not part of Zollverein by 1854. Thus, economic empowerment of Prussia was guaranteed again.2
But, this dominance was achieved by Otto von Bismarck during the era of 1815-1898 for Prussia. He was selected as the President in 1862. He inherited the Prussian nobility or better known as Junkers from his father’s side. A highly conservative person, he succeeded to many diplomatic posts. The times of constitutional crisis marked the beginning of his prime minister career. William I (1861-1888), who was a regent since the year 1858, became the then Prussia King in the year 1861 after his brother’s death. This new king was contemptuous towards army receiving more funds and also was disdainful towards the lower house of legislature. King was reluctant to support the established military and wanted to build up his own army. But, he needed tax revenues for this endeavor. Parliament refused to this notion. Thus Bismarck decided to receive taxes somehow, without the parliamentary consent. The loyal people of Prussia paid the taxes; and the King with Bismarck’s assistance gave birth to a new army. 3
Bismarck needed a strong military because according to him, military power was more than the power of masses. He blew off the liberal constitutionalism as shown by the Frankfurt Assembly. Being a pragmatist, he devised that force was the ultimate success factor; and being a conservative it bolstered his idea. He was sure that war was the ultimate path to unification of Germany and history proved it to be true. By urging a war, he would not include Prussia in united Germany as it was a grim rival to the direction United Germany wished to take. He made use of wars against the French to provoke patriotism in Germany. War does bring every nation together. By using war as a tool for unification, he succeeded in his plan.4
Works Cited
Kehoe, Thomas J., Lawrence D. Hogan, and Jose M. Duvall. 1994. Exploring Western civilization: 1600 to the present. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Pub.
Noble, Thomas F. X. 2002. The foundations of Western civilization. Chantilly, VA: Teaching Co. Read More
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