Nowadays, international businesses and global markets are capable of carrying transactions without the hassle of communication. With the expanding population of freight services and third party logistics, shipment…
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Traveling and exchange of goods were at a limited and minimal level until the establishment of the Silk Roads. Silk Road is the collective term used to point the interconnected routes for transportation of goods across China and Mediterranean (Liu, 2010). The seemingly safe route established from the halted military conflicts among regions attracted merchants from different parts of the world (Liu, 2010). This focus in trade and market roads have enabled the city of Changan to receive the arrival of distinct merchandise – “Roman glass ware, India cotton textiles, spices, fragrances, gemstones, and woolen textiles of various origins” (Liu, 2010).
Premium goods are those rarely found. Silk is common in China but were considered to be infrequent to nomads of the West (Liu, 2010). This is primarily the origin how the term Silk Road is coined. In addition to its perceived high value, silk is one of the items that drove trade because it is light and beauteous (Christian, 2000). Things which are exotic created a demand for them; hence, the trade was dominated by precious stones, spices and silver (Whitfield, 2004). These products were associated with glamour and thus, are deemed precious (Whitfield, 2004). Gems, stones and other jewelries conveyed luxury and very well became symbols of one’s societal status (Whitfield, 2004). Possession of such expensive items became a definition of a person’s capability and societal influence.
It is men’s nature to strive to be different. Allocation of foreign goods was one of the measures for people to display grandiose peculiarity. Amidst global diversity, there still is a common ground with which every culture can be identified (Haskoz, Iyer and Seshadri, 2012). McNeill emphasized the significance of contact and communication among civilizations. He also gave focus that aside from material goods, diseases and immunity to some of it are passed onto different cultures
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Just as today’s globalization has set up an interchange of trade, ideological exchange, and technology information, the Silk Road allowed the world to develop and grow through the complexity of the evolution of the information exchange. The Silk Road also provided for issues of the transmission of disease, such as the Antonin and bubonic plagues.
The land routes were later supplemented by the sea routes with the invention of sea technology. The area separating the China from the west is not a hospitable place as a majority of the land is occupied by the Taklimakan Desert (Franck 60). The desert is characterized by sand storms, little vegetation and rainfall.
One of the greatest achievements of the Tang Dynasty was the Silk Road – an ancient 6000-kilometer or 4000-mile-long trading route that linked China to Rome. It was Chang Ch’ien, one of the greatest explorers of China, who initiated silk trade with the Central Asian tribes, thus leading to the creation of the Silk Road (Mon).
Mainly, this extended even in the marriage whereby the female gender had the authority to define her ambitions and even plan whom to live with regardless of the men’s authority. This is because “divorce by mutual consent was still part of the legal code, and windows were allowed to remarry” (Whitfield 109).
The routes, mostly stretching between the East and the West, linked different regions and countries of the ancient as well as the medieval world. Since the term, “Silk Road”, does not refer to any single route of communication, modern historians prefer ‘silk routes’ to ‘silk road’ in order to refer to the interstate or international commercial relation among the countries among countries of the ancient and the medieval world.
Presently, although the religion is mainly practiced in Asia and predominantly India, its influences are evident in other parts of the world. Buddhism’s greatest appeal, which also gives it a universal outlook, lies in its teachings of the four noble truths that explain suffering, unsatisfactoriness and anxiety.
64). Yet Hourani recognized that even before seafaring became this eminent, the transportation of goods was carried in what is known today as the Silk Road.
Perhaps the most important question is why people established the Silk Road before even venturing into maritime trade.
During early days, silk was also used as a writing material and manuscripts were written on silk cloth using it as a paper. China was in the forefront of silk trade and exported silk to many countries around the world. In fact silk was invented in China around 3000 BC.
The famous trade route did not get the name Silk Road until the year 1877 when Ferdinand von Richthofen came up with the name (Christian, 2000). From China to the Mediterranean, long distance trade played a critical
the influence of ecological factors in the development of culture, facilitating the study of the active interactions between ecological forces and human beings, and the identification of the causes of the stimulation of cultural exchanges and material trade along the Silk Road.
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