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It is because of this use that countries like America have been struggling to control the planting and trade of the plant in general with particular aim of stopping circulation of heroin across the world. Apart from its use as drug, opium also has some medicinal values that will be discussed later in this paper.
Opium has rich history linking it to Britain where cultivation was supported by the various regimes of the countries until the time its effects were detected leading to eventual ban to its cultivation. Though opium is internationally recognized as a product of Afghanistan, the plant was introduced into the country by Alexander the Great (Nawa 3). Upon its introduction, opium was used as medicine and for enjoyment purposes and intercropped with other plants. Further cultivation of opium in Afghanistan escalated in 1979 during invasion of Afghanistan by Soviet Union.
With its economic viability, many locals indulged into the growing of opium that would later provide funds used to purchase weapons to help in defense against the Soviet. Further escalation of opium trade in Afghanistan links to the poor governance that existed in the country that would not monitor and develop the economy to more sustainable activities. In addition, the opium trade in Afghanistan escalated due to the degradation of the agricultural lands as well as the country’s infrastructure by the long lasted war. This situation left opium as an alternative and affordable source of income that required minimum human handling and storage. The long period of civil wars in the country led to lawless society that saw the development and flourishing of the illegal cultivation of opium.
According to the reports of Nawa, growing of opium has seen integration of otherwise poor and vulnerable families into middle class earners (6). Through growing of opium, many families engaging in the cultivation of the crop
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The people of Afghanistan always seem to be fighting some sort of war. They are either struggling with external innovators or a rebellion from within the country. The turmoil began with the invasion attempt and fails of Alexander the Great, continued throughout their quest for independence from Britain rule.
Various ethnic communities can be found in the country, with the most common being the Pashtun ethnic group, although there are a few other ethnic groups such as Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazara, and other small groups.
United States vs. Afghanistan
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This paper evaluates the US drug policies in Colombia and Afghanistan and compares and contrasts the two approaches. Ultimately, it will be argued that although influenced by entirely different policy agendas, the US’s primary concern was for safeguarding the safety and security of Americans, both at home and abroad.
and foreign policy strategies.1 Counterterrorism and anti-drug policies may even overlap, in the sense that it is commonly believed that the proceeds of illicit drugs trades are used to fund terrorist activities in many parts of the world.2 Afghanistan and Colombia are the
The narcotic substance contains active substances like alkaloid and morphine, ingredients that are processed chemically to generate heroin. Over the years, opium has been frequently harvested for legal medicinal purposes and illegal trade.