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History of Drug Trade in Afghanistan - Research Paper Example

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The intention of this research paper is to assess the level of opium abuse in Afganistan before and after its downfall in 2001. The paper examines the history of opium production in Afghanistan and identifies the effectiveness of anti-narcotics policies implemented by the government…
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History of Drug Trade in Afghanistan
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Download file to see previous pages If comparisons are made the land that is occupied in Latin America for cocoa cultivation is much lesser than the area of land that is being used for opium cultivation in Afghanistan.
In the year 2007, it had been estimated that in the international market, out of the total 93% of opiates had originated from Afghanistan. The total export that has been estimated by relevant numbers shown in the year of 2007 totals to the US $4 billion. Moreover, a quarter of this is the amount that is earned by opium farmers based in Afghanistan and this list includes drug traffickers, district officials, insurgents, and warlords. Taliban had opium production banned in Afghanistan and in those times, during the period of 1994 to 2000, the gross income that was earned by opium farmers in Afghanistan had to be divided among 200,000 families (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 5).
Afghanistan had been under the rule of the Soviet Union in the years from 1979 till 1989. The Soviet invasion occurred in Afghanistan in the year of 1979 and the Afghan government had lost control of its provinces. According to a report by UN, during this period the warlords were thinking of ways to make money and opium production was the result of those think tanks. There have been multiple occasions when Soviets had said that the opium from Afghanistan was being smuggled across the borders and this was done with the help of American CIA agents. The reason that was provided was that the CIA was providing money to Afghan resistance and they wanted to make the Soviets weak by getting them into drug addiction (Tanner 10).
The period of warlords within Afghanistan ranges from 1989 to 1994. The Soviet army or in the other words the Red Army had been forced out of Afghanistan in the year of 1989 and at that time there was no controlling authority.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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