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Truman argued that if the countries received no support at that time of the urgent need brought about by war, grave consequences would emerge. Many authors have written vastly about the Truman Doctrine as discussed in this essay.
According to Lykogiannis (104), Truman believed that the war was a threat not only to international peace but also to the national security of the United States. President Truman asked the United States Congress to provide economic and military support to democratic nations facing war, hence the Truman doctrine. The Truman doctrine changed the United States foreign policy effectively. Historians considered the doctrine as the genesis of the cold war (Freeland 77). The Greek Communist war got support from the Soviet Union who posed as a threat to the Greek policy makers. The United States, through the request of President Truman, provided close to half a billion dollars financial aid to both Greek and Turkey. The Truman Doctrine developed to the United States policy of supporting free people who get subjected to armed minor groups of people or by external pressures. According to President Truman, the doctrine was for the best interest of the United States at large. The doctrine had a strategic goal despite supporting the majority rights (Spalding 55).
Economically, Greece lacks sufficient natural resources, thus making it a poor country compared to other developed countries. The country has suffered four years of cruel invasion making economic and social development difficult. Politically, the country had suffered immense destruction from German liberation, and inflation rates remained high. These tragic conditions forced the emergence of a militant minority giving rise to political chaos. This has made Greece’s economic recovery slow and difficult as the country struggles to reconstruct. The financial aid given by United States helped boost the country economic status but was not enough to
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The overall objective of the U.S foreign policy was to stop communism and did not change noticeably from one doctrine to another. Only the costs and the intensity changed. Although a number of doctrines were articulated, they are just variations on the prime “containment” policy or the Truman Doctrine.
The foreign policies are based on the perception of each president and are subject to enactment by other president. It is based on the beliefs, objectives and key priorities of the president after taking office. The doctrines target to change or influence how a particular state or region behaves or governed in order to achieve social, economic, and political objective of the entire state, region, continent or the world.
On March 12, 1947, President Harry Truman addressed Congress to ask for funds that would aid Greece and Turkey so that they could repeal the communist threat. Truman said "it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures" (n.p.).
Essentially ideological in nature, the Cold War was a bitter conflict between Communism and Democracy, between the Soviet and the U.S. camps. Former wartime allies had become tenacious enemies and it is impossible to ignore the role which either the Truman Doctrine or the Marshall Plan played in this development.
Germany, which had instigated two attempts to take over the rest of the continent, was at last subdued, and nations the world over welcomed the opportunity for peace. Indeed, as the war was still going on in Europe and Asia, it was thought that the peace afterward would only require that all the world believe in "good faith and getting along with everybody," so horrific had the war been (Leffler p.
He also intervened into North Korea and South Korea conflict and assisted in creation of Israel state. His foreign policy marked a direction which the U.S. followed during 20th century.
During this saturated historical period U.S. foreign policy can be
All of the foreign policies were directed indirectly at the Kremlin. The manipulation of other countries helped both the United States and the Soviet Union continue the Cold War during the 1950’s. The Truman
These activities led to the secret signing of the Atlantic Charter between Roosevelt and Churchill (Charles, 36).
All the decisions of the coalition strategy of the china Burma India Theatre (CBI), a term used by US military during WWII, were commanded