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"According to Give me liberty by Eric foner, explain why he thinks the Civil Rights Movement challenged the very idea of freedom"
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Foner (95) asserts that freedom at the time meant; being equal to the white race or not being enslaved. This freedom is contrasted with the other kinds of freedoms such as the freedom of speech, movement, among others that are already guaranteed by the American Constitution.
Since the idea of freedom is narrowly focused, the author moves on to detail that even after the slaves are freed, they might still not have equal access to opportunities in life. In this case, the pursuit of freedom would change form so as to respond to the new realities. Then the focus would be on freedom with respect to economic power, or even freedom with respect to employee rights (Foner 100).
According to the Foner (45), these changing social conditions are primarily responsible for the change in the meaning of freedom. They keep shifting its boundaries so that in the end, the idea of freedom is extremely amorphous. The author believes that instead of asking for freedom, civil rights activists were better off demanding liberties. This could have made their pursuit more focused and could have resulted in greater gains (Foner
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Running to more than a substantial 1,000 pages, Give Me Liberty! is systematically organized into a chronological catalogue of one hundred-and fifty years of America’s past. The vast tome is divided into four, easily accessible, smaller-sized parts: Reconstruction, Towards a Global Presence, Depression and Wars, and What Kind of a Nation?
These include liberty, right to life, pursuit for happiness and economic freedom. As early as 16th century and upto the 20th centuries, there was a massive influx of people into America. These people were seeking for freedom, liberty, new lives and opportunities and they perceived America as the most ideal place where they could get these things.
In that period, African Americans were experiencing many obstacles. They were treated as slaves, not allowed to own land and have jobs, and they did not have the same justice as whites. An instance of unequal justice was witnessed when Emmett Till, a black person, was murdered in Mississippi for only whistling to a white woman.
These procedures were extremely tenuous in most states hence; most movements were not able to achieve the set standards. This paper will describe how Martin Luther King and Malcolm X had a vast influence in the civil rights movement. In the early 1960s, America was struggling to cope with anxiety through several methodologies.
It involved men and women of African American origin, as well as white Americans, who led the movement locally and nationally via legal means, non-violent protests, petitions, and negotiations. From my understanding, the movement has also greatly influenced the women’s rights and student movements in the 60s.
Of course, the assault on constitutional and civil liberties (that Americans have always cherished) launched by Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1940s and the early 1950s in the name of fighting Communists within the United States was the worst, but by no means either the first or the only, aberration that Americans have had to endure.
Still, legal and social changes also dictated that the movement evolve with the cultural and social turmoil of the times. The movement of the 1920s laid the groundwork for the emotionally charged civil rights movement of the 1950s, though there were contrasting differences.
According to this decree, slaves of America “are and henceforth shall be free” (Foner 1). Emancipation was to bring many changes to the society in terms of economical, political, and socio-cultural life of the people. Moreover, these events
In the end, there have been numerous individuals and movements that had greatly advanced the cause of civil rights, and the Freedom Riders can certainly be considered to be among these. The freedom riders themselves were made up of