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INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - Research Paper Example

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A nation-state comes about as a result of joining single or multiple nationalities, which later on form a formal political union. A…
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International Relations Question A nation entails a geographical area that forms part of the international system due to its defined politics, economics, society and culture. A nation-state comes about as a result of joining single or multiple nationalities, which later on form a formal political union. A definitive nation-state has its own system of laws, national language, currency and a governance system (Ibrahim & Gürbey 74).
A problem on peoplehood arises when the unity of a nation-state is faced with issues regarding traditional and cultural beliefs. This problem entails an individual being separated from a group due to believing in a religion or a political system that the majority population is against. In Turkey, the dominant religion is Muslim; others are Christian and Jewish religions. Any problem in Peoplehood, in Turkey, maybe created by the fact that people believing in Christian and Jewish religions, maybe seen as inferior by people believing in the greater Muslim religion (Ibrahim & Gürbey 78).
Nation-states in their lifetime experience problems pertaining to territory and sovereignty. The conflicts usually arise because of other nation-states scrambling for resources owned by a different nation-state. Various problems regarding Turkey’s territory and sovereignty have been witnessed. In particular, there have been territorial disputes between Turkey and Iraq. To defend its territory and sovereignty, Turkey has retaliated against Kurdish insurgents from Iraq a number of times (Ibrahim & Gürbey 98).
Question # 2
Nationalism is a political concept that entails citizens of a defined nation or state deeply identifying themselves with their nation or state. The citizens, through self-determination usually strive to sustain and achieve some national goal. Nationalism originates from the idea of having a common origin, traditions, cultural ties and ethnicity. Through nationalism, an individual becomes a citizen of a nation or state voluntarily (Smith 37).
Nationalism relates to nation building through the act of individuals in a nation or state voluntarily identifying themselves, their goals and determination with the state or nation. Individuals usually direct their self-determination towards the state, which results in nation building. An example of a demonstration of nationalism has been the act of citizens coming out to fight for the freedom of their state when insurgents or terrorists attack their state (Smith 36).
Nationalism relates with international relations through the fact that it identifies simple nations or states, which go further to form part of the international relations. An international body such as the United Nations is formed by individual states, which have come into existence because of nationalism. The positive consequences of nationalism entails promotion of a sense of belongingness and identity, creates pride, and it unifies people. The negative consequences of nationalism entail; infringement of citizen’s rights brings about conflicts and may result in xenophobia (Smith 39). Nationalism has aided the emergence of dictatorial governments in countries like Cuba and Zimbabwe.
Question # 3
Balance of power is an idea in international relations, which entails a state or a group of states joining forces with the objective of guarding themselves against another state or group of states that might have ill intentions. Balance of power is achieved through increasing the number of allies or armament. Global collective security is an idea in international relations, which entail states within the global scale making up security arrangements that recognize that security of a defined state is important to all the other states (Rimanelli 123).
Regional collective security is similar to global collective security, but at this stage, states forming part of a defined region recognize that security of a state is crucial to security of all other states in the region. Multi-polarism refers to an international political system that has only one political power known as super-power. Bi-polarism entails an idea in the international political system in which conflict regarding political ideology, economics or military involves two rival blocks. In a bi-polar environment, two political rivals exist. Uni-porlarism refers to an international political system that contains a number of states, which are powerful politically. In a uni-polar environment, the balance of power is strong (Rimanelli 124).
The advantages of a world government are; decision making within the world government will be swift, execution of development plans will be faster, and there will be eradication of tariffs on border points. The disadvantages of a world government are; issues regarding unequal distribution of resources would face the government, there will be a substantial discrepancy when it comes to poverty rates and education, and achieving nationalism will be a hard task, as people believing in different religions will not agree on a single idea towards nation building (Rimanelli 45).
Works Cited
Ibrahim F, Gürbey G. The Kurdish Conflict in Turkey. Berlin: LIT Verlag Münster, 2000. Print.
Rimanelli M. The A to Z of NATO and Other International Security Organizations. New York: Scarecrow Press, 2009. Print.
Smith A. Nationalism. London: Polity, 2010. Print. Read More
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