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Perhaps one of the main contributors to the body of knowledge includes Michel Foucault. Indeed, his exploration of science, philosophy, history and a host of other fields generated useful insights that inform current decisions in the academic sphere. It is against this background that this paper underscores contributions of Michel Foucault that are informative to the student of medieval ‘outsider’.
Foucault posits that the disappearance of the social problem of leprosy paved way to insanity2. Initially during the 1500s, mad people were secluded from the society and sent away in ‘ship of fools’3.
According to Foucault, leprosy was a complex phenomenon whose occurrence was beyond the physical incapacitation6. From a medical point of view, the populations that were affected by it suffered immensely. The then societies feared the disease because of the medical implications that were associated with it. Just like mad people, lepers were secluded form the society
The resultant gap made it possible for populations to carry on with the practice of seclusion. Gradually, mad people started being given a similar treatment. In essence, they were considered social outcasts and were exposed to brutal treatment9.
Foucault believes that discipline and punishment gives the persons in authority power over an individual who is punished10. Power in this regard is defined by professional knowledge thus judges, parole officers and the police are powerful. The degree and length of the disciplinary measure is depended on the decisions that are made by individuals in power11. These also determine the type of punishment that need to be reflective of the type of wrong that is committed by the prisoner. Discipline and punishment play distinct social and political roles of:
Human sexuality has a direct influence on social as well as political power structuring16. The procedures and
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According to realism, there is an enduring inclination for conflict in international relations whereas the other theoretical perspectives interpret war on various other ways. This paper focuses on how the Realist theoretical tradition explains the concept of war and deals with this issue.
He believed that we needed to view medicine as a societal need for the overall "surveillance and regulation of human bodies." He is also known for his studies on institutions (psychiatry, medicine and the prison). In addition, he is famous for his work in the field of sexuality.
orian albums and scrapbooks were assembled by youthful ladies bearing some social status, with these being aligned with poetic and unique writings (Warrington, 2012). Additionally, other items with that were aesthetic were added to these books with care and keenness thus making
The objective is to understand the reasons behind such activities so as to curtail these activities in the near future. Also the research further aims to understand the activities conducted by these people while they are