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International trade is one of the aspects of the global political economy that are prominent with regards to international relations. Foreign investment is one of the resultant aspects of economic globalization. As nations continued to advance technologically after the industrial revolution, better means of transport and communication led to the movement of investors beyond political boundaries, especially during the colonial period (Oatley, 2011). As economies expanded, trade grew and exchange of goods and services between investors from different countries continued to grow. This made international trade a phenomenon of political scrutiny. The political view point depicts foreign trade as different from domestic economic activity (Jeffrey et al. 2000).
Foreign trade between different countries generates various political issues that are of interest to the nation state, particularly issues regarding the financial and military security of a country. A nation exporting products to a foreign country increases its monetary wellbeing and also promotes job creation. Nevertheless, national security may be jeopardized especially if the product is used to strengthen a foreign country’s military strength (Gilpin, 2001). For example, the discovery of gun powder by Chinese researchers in the 11th century led to a great transformation of the world order by the 17th century and subsequent centuries. China as a nation state could not achieve the military might of European countries that resulted from the application the invention of gun powder (Friedberg, 2005).
On the other hand, importing leads to the development of dependency of the receiving nation on foreign countries. It also leads to a reduction in national reserves thereby contributing to inflation. Moreover, local businesses as well as the labor market are threatened. On the other hand, the importing nation may experience security concerns
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This aspect can be gleaned from the IR theory of Realism, the tenets of which is maximally followed by the states. The evolution and establishment of different states as well as their government setups primarily from the 20th century have led to the formulation of various theories and concepts by renowned thinkers and researchers, which come under the domain of IR.
The researcher examines the concept of citizen diplomacy, which motivates the citizens to get engage in the meaningful dialogue with the world. Citizen diplomacy is based upon the concept that each individual possesses the right and responsibility to participate and help in shaping the relations of his country with the outside world.
As a result, primary care physicians have been fighting to attend to as many patients as possible to earn substantial amount of money from their services. The desire to serve many patients has compromised the quality of service offered by the physicians considering the fact that they fight to obtain much money from serving many patients.
The resulting financial structure determines the capacity of the nation state to create a favorable environment for investors. Political interests of nation states are mutually dependent on the economic well-being.International trade is one of the aspects of the global political economy that are prominent with regards to international relations.
These organizations 1have changed international environment in the area of politics (Brown 1995, p. 54). Some international observers have concluded that; states have declined in addressing crucial matters and non-state actors have gained status and influence.
Ulham argues that the untrue picture created by explaining national security in military terms is both dangerous and misleading to the members of the public. He asserts that politicians find it unproblematic to direct the focus of the unsuspecting members of the population towards true or false military risks than on true or false nonmilitary risks.
Due to this understanding of world politics, realism is at the centre of both theoretical and global political disputes, offering a point of reference against which competing ideologies frequently identify themselves thereby making the theory a rhetorical and conceptual axis on which political and analytical debates revolve.
The survey report is the result of a comprehensive survey undertaken targeting as large as 4400 firms. They claim that their survey is based on a moderately large sample and a broad cross-section of firms. This survey balances between large sample analysis and clinical studies.
A few important foreign policy cases are taken to support arguments.
To start with, let us take the case of the ongoing war in Iraq and its previous episode in 1991. The aftermath of this war proved to be a big public
endered national policies wholly inadequate as health issues in one state can filter over into another state through the movement of goods, people and animals across borders (Fidler, 1997). Thus diseases such as AIDS, SARS, Ebola, H1N1, hantavirus, avian flu as well as health
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