Free

India - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In the context of Buddhism, dharma refers to the teachings of Buddha, and is termed ‘the Law of Righteousness’ (Andrea and Overfield, 70). Buddha’s teachings emphasize the adoption…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.7% of users find it useful
India
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "India"

Instrurtor: Dharma: Buddhist and Hindu Perspective. The Sanskrit word ‘Dharma,’ signifies the upholding, or support, of the established law. In the context of Buddhism, dharma refers to the teachings of Buddha, and is termed ‘the Law of Righteousness’ (Andrea and Overfield, 70). Buddha’s teachings emphasize the adoption of the ‘Middle Path,’ avoiding both extremes of pleasure and mortification. This Middle Path, of ‘The Holy Eightfold Path,’ consists of Right Belief, Right Aspiration, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Means of Livelihood, Right Endeavor, Right Memory, and Right Meditation. (Andrea and Overfield, 71). The rock edicts of Ashoka reflect the emperor’s strong adherence to the fundamental teachings of Buddhism. He unequivocally asserts that all the benevolent actions he has undertaken as a king have but one objective: “that the people might practice the Dhamma” (Dhammika, the Seven Pillar Edicts, 7). He urges his subjects to respect and practice Dharma. Although Ashoka does not explicitly expound on Buddha’s teachings, his exhortations to his subjects are undoubtedly based on the Eightfold Path. Ashoka’s edicts list the dictates of Dharma: “proper behavior towards servants and employees, respect for father and mother, generosity towards friends, companions, relations, Brahmans and ascetics, and not killing living beings” (Dhammika, Fourteen Rock Edicts, 11). All this obviously falls under ‘Right Conduct.’ Again, Ashoka emphasizes “restraint in speech” (Dhammika, Fourteen Rock Edicts, 12) and that “the truth should be spoken” (Dhammika, Minor Rock Edicts, 2), in deference to ‘Right Speech.’ He urges is subjects towards ‘Right Endeavor’: “Great fruit will result from doing your duty” (Dhammika, Kalinga Rock Edicts, 1). Ashoka’s desire that his subjects practice “Kindness, generosity, truthfulness, purity, gentleness and goodness” (Dhammika, Seven Pillars, 7) expresses his hope that Buddhist Dharma will be adopted by all in his kingdom. Ashoka’s edicts define dharma as following the Eightfold Path.
In the context of the Bhagavad Gita, Dharma is defined as “the moral imperative of caste duty” (Andrea and Overfield, 67). The performance of one’s duty, as prescribed by one’s caste, is the highest moral obligation, and the best way to worship God. “Every man intent on his own respective duties obtains perfection” (Andrea and Overfield, 68). Krishna states that the man who transcends the physical senses, and maintains detachment attains bliss. The way to eternal happiness is to “perform actions, casting off all attachments, and being equable in success or ill-success” (Andrea and Overfield, 68). Despite apparent differences in the interpretation of dharma, the Buddha and Krishna are similar in much of their philosophy. The Buddha declares that “the destruction of desire” (Andrea and Overfield,72) brings an end to suffering. Similarly, Krishna asserts that the man who casts off all desires “obtains tranquility” (Andrea and Overfield, 68). The “equability” extolled by Krishna is but the “Middle Path” advocated by the Buddha. Just as Krishna emphasizes the importance of the performance of duty, Ashoka states, “Great fruit will result from doing your duty” (Dhammika, Kalinga Rock Edicts, 1). The qualities of Brahmins, as listed in the Bhagavad Gita, “Tranquility, restraint of the senses, penance, purity, forgiveness, straightforwardness,” (Andrea and Overfield, 68) mirror the virtues enlisted in Buddha’s ‘Holy Eightfold Path.’ The Buddhist Dharma, which comprises the Buddha’s teachings, and the Hindu Dharma of the Bhagavad Gita, share the emphasis on duty and virtuous living.
Works Cited.
Andrea, Alfred J. and Overfield, James H. “Dharma: the Imperative of Caste Law.” The Human
Record. Sources of Global History. Sixth Edition. Volume 1to1700. Blaine, Nancy.
Coryell, Patricia A. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. New York. 2009. 66-69.
Andrea, Alfred J. and Overfield, James H. “The Path to Enlightenment.” The Human
Record. Sources of Global History. Sixth Edition. Volume 1to1700. Blaine, Nancy.
Coryell, Patricia A. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. New York. 2009. 70-72.
Dhammika, Ven S. “The Edicts of King Ashoka.” DharmaNet Edition. 1994. Retrieved from
http://www.cs.colostate.edu/~malaiya/ashoka.html
Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“India Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2”, n.d.)
India Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1588993-india
(India Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2)
India Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2. https://studentshare.org/history/1588993-india.
“India Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1588993-india.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF India

INNOVATIONS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

2 Pages(500 words)Essay

India

...Task India One of the best ways to understand India is through its cosmic structures. These cosmic structures shape the Indian beliefs on spiritualism and exert a significant influence on their culture. Hinduism is one dominant religion in the Indian culture. It generally refers to the set of religious beliefs and customs that have evolved over the centuries and have attained recognition in the Indian culture. Although the beliefs and teaching have evolved over the years, Hinduism is still founded upon nature and on the belief in the existence of gods (Griffin, 1). Hinduism practices a diversity of beliefs. The first and major belief of Hinduism is the belief in the sacred reality, which is founded upon...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

India

...Business and Leisure Communication in India There is no doubt that today’s world is rapidly becoming vast as the business and social environment expands to include numerous geographic locations, as well as span numerous cultures. This has implications on how people and businesses from diverse cultures communicate and interact (Storti 9). Considering that people come from different linguistic and cultural backgrounds, it can become difficult for individuals to understand how to communicate effectively with other individuals from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds. The modern and internet technology have opened up new marketplaces that allow us to conduct and promote businesses to new cultures and geographic...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

India

...All about India and Section # of All about India This Paper discusses the research and interview findings from an Indian person about his country. The paper focuses on India's location, its culture and other economic and social features. It then marks out any differences between the research conducted and the personal experience. Introduction One of the key features of globalization is the interaction of people from different backgrounds having diverse cultures, beliefs, traditions and values. People differ in many aspects like age, gender, ethnic group, skills, ideas, religion etc. These differences influence the way they behave, make decisions, and organize work and how...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

India

...The term culture refers to a of intellectual development or manners. The social and political forces that influence the growth of a human beingare defined as culture. It refers to the collective historical patterns, values, societal arrangements, manners, ideas, and ways of living that people have used to order their society. It is comprised of all those things we learn as part of growing up including language, religion, beliefs about economic and social relations, political organization and legitimacy, and the thousands of "Do's and Don'ts" society deems important that we know to become a functioning member of that group. With nearly 1 billion citizens, India is the second most populous nation in the world. It is...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

India

...What major obstacle must be overcome if India is to grow as a world power? Specifically, what must India do or continue to do before it can be seen as a sustainable democracy? In his article ‘Emerging India, Can it remain an open and tolerant society?’ David Masci 1asks whether or not India can ever take the place it feels it deserves on the world stage. India has the worlds second highest population count and is its largest democratic state. In recent years there have been huge economic reforms, as well as the development of several high-tech industries which promise a brighter future. These however exist alongside vast poverty and frequent food...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Employment Communication Portfolio

8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Vampires

2 Pages(500 words)Research Proposal

India

... Instruction: Task: India. History plays a major role in guiding the direction that a society takes. Through historical evaluations and analyses, we are able to have a sense of where the society is coming from, and this gives a good perspective of where it is headed. There are various inferences that can be drawn from ancient civilisations, and this is important since the contemporary society can learn from the way that ancient civilisations were managed, and consequently modify and implement these gains for the benefit of all. To this end, India has a rich history that holds various lessons for the different facets of the present world. From the Indus Valley civilisation, the Mughal Empire, arrival of the British in India... location. The...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

India

...India In the article by Ethan Watters, Joe Henrich, an anthropology and his associates, challenge the belief by most social scientists on human behavior and culture that, human are the same (Watters 1). In their approach to finding the relation between culture and cognition, they study an isolated community called the Machiguenga in Peru, which live in the Amazon basin. Using a game of sharing, Henrich finds out that not all human have the instinct for fairness. He offered some money to a set of two players. The first player was to share money with the second player. In his finding, he discovered that the Machiguenga gave out the smallest amount possible, and none of the second players rejected the offer no matter how...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic India for FREE!

Contact Us