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Long before the Europeans started the ritual of slavery, Native Americans showed some cases of slavery where captives were enslaved. However, the enslavement practices of Native Americans were quite different from the European practices. The Native Americans did not treat their slaves as inferior creatures. The Native American culture allowed the slaves to acquire freedom through various options. As already mentioned they could either get adopted in the family or else they could free themselves through marriage, in cases of death of their masters or by performing any particular service that provided them freedom from the captor. 2 Not all captives were taken into enslavement; they were also tortured under different conditions. There was also a culture of killing the captives or selling them to the enemies for personal benefits by the Native Americans. A sect of Native Americans had beliefs that captives should be treated according to their bravery and courage in the war. If the captive was brave then he earned the respect of the captors. Some captives were sold in exchange for new weapons, food, clothing and other needed items when the Native Americans were in dire need of new weapons and goods at that
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However, slavery has been in existence for long periods and Berlin (1998: 61) argues that the practice predates civilization. In early prehistoric times, slavery played a critical role in the economic development of prominent ancient civilizations. Similarly, racism is an ancient practice that persists to date.
Native Americans settled in the American land many years before the arrival and the subsequent settlement of the Europeans. However, despite being the original or rather the real inhabitants of America, they encountered a series of atrocities upon the arrival of the Europeans.
Culture also encompasses beliefs and moral values, traditions and laws that define a given community, country or a given group in a given area. Cultural diversity may also be very varied in a region with high levels of immigration or emigration.
Religion is a set of world views, beliefs and cultural systems that humanity uses as a medium to relate to the supernatural, moral values, and spirituality. Guided by an organised clergy and behaviour, most religions refer to narratives, sacred histories and symbolism with the objective of explaining the traditional origin of the universe and life, as well as creating a meaning for life.
We could see that women have played important role in literature from the ancient Greek to the modern classical literature which gave female characters much more substance and purpose. Women were very important to the Greek, and through female characters in his epic, "The Odyssey," Homer shows us the different ways women were viewed by Greek.
This preoccupation is most observable in what came to be considered his masterpiece: "The Prelude". However, it would be simple to characterized Wordsworth in a poet who was only self-centered while his main work can be seen as an exploration of the personification of the author within his work.
slaves who survived the arduous trans-Atlantic journey had their family lives disrupted with both male and females allotted disparate roles that were contrary to their previous normal roles for genders in most patriarchal societies. This was particularly evident in the
It was carried out on three continents. Africans were transported right from the sub-Saharan Africa to America. They were exposed to dehumanizing human rights, racial persecutions and many more atrocities upon their transportation