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In fact, these very virtues make a city or an individual just - “Then a just man won’t differ at all from a just city in respect to the form b of justice;” (Plato, 110) This discussion starts from the state level and eventually moves down to the level of an individual but Plato makes it absolutely clear that the presence of the above mentioned virtues in an individual citizen leads to a state, which has these same virtues.
In The Republic’s Book XIII, there exist many examples showing how an unjust society shapes the souls of its citizen. The vice versa then should also be true. Therefore, it can be derived from this discussion that there exists a kind of “virtuous circle” between the state and a citizen. They are both cause and effect of each other. To sum this up, it can be said that a state shapes the souls of its inhabitants; meanwhile the nation itself is a product of all the individual souls comprising it. If this structure is disrupted, harmony will suffer, inner conflict will increase and this might lead to the whole set-up coming down.
Plato believes that the most important goal of education is knowledge of Good. In the fictional city of Kallipolis, there are three different classes: the producers, guardians and the rulers. All these three classes have some specific qualities that they need to display in order to make Kallipolis the “just city”. The guardian class needs to be the educated group who will be able to absorb all the laws in the best possible manner -
“…Hence the guardians must above all protect their system of elementary education, for this provides the training in civic virtue without which no system of laws, no constitution, can hope to achieve…” (Plato, 94)
The rulers of the city need to possess wisdom, using which they ensure that the city will have good judgment and will be really wise. Since an ideal city needs to be governed by
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…..8 Name 1 Name Class Instructor Date Demos and Dogma: Plato, Aristotle and the Ethics of Democratic Government Plato and Aristotle represent two of the three sides of Greek antiquity’s great philosophic triad, Socrates being the other third. Together, they form a foundational continuum of philosophic thought, inquiry and hypothesis that underlies Western concepts of politics, government, law and education.
It is widely agreed upon that a nuclear war, if it happens, would produce this result. The threat that stronger nations pose to the sovereignty of smaller nations is also one of the greatest problems that faces mankind at this point of time in history. For the purpose of acquiring resources and also for the age-old purpose of conversions, countries may turn loose aggression on countries that may be unable to defend themselves from such an onslaught.
This paper will look at two dissimilar arguments about the human function and evaluate the dissimilar objectives of each.
Aristotle disproves Plato's Theory of Ideas on three essential bases that are the reality of ideas disagrees with itself by refuting the prospect of cancellations, his pictures of ideas are just empty descriptions and the hypothesis uses temporary concepts to generate illustrations of awareness.
Thus, the answer to the question on the extent of difference in terms of an ethical and practical ways man lead their lives can be based on the concepts and views presented by the two philosophers.
In Plato’s Allegory
Plato made it clear that he dislike democratic system of government of Greece. In his book, “the Republic” Plato states that oligarchy and timocracy are favorable to democracy and that anarchy or totalitarianism is a less preferable
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