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Due to industrialization, the north comprised of educated people both blacks and whites (Morgan, 68).
As a result of the differences in northern and southern economies, perceptions about slavery also differed between the two economies. According to Morgan (68), the northern whites worked alongside the blacks in the industries and the blacks were not subjected to degradation. Some whites owned slaves who worked in farms and houses and one could buy his/her freedom. On contrary, the southern slaves did not mix with whites; they were slave societies. The African-American slaves were considered inferior to the whites hence subjected to hard work under poor working conditions. The northern was religious and believed in the unalienable rights of all human beings. Slavery was thus abolished in the north and all slaves freed. However, even after the emancipation proclamation by Lincoln, the south used Ku Klux Klan to maintain white supremacy; the blacks were denied the right to vote as they were inferior race. However, both the south and the north agreed that they were more superior since they were more educated and due to their color (Duiker & Spielvogel, 497-498).
Frederick Douglass is considered the father of integration. He advocated for the abolition of slavery in America and believed in the virtues entailed in the declaration of independence; right to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness (Myers, 2011). He also believed that the blacks could enjoy the rights, privileges and immunities that were enjoyed by the whites. He advocated for self-elevation or self-sufficiency to be able to acquire the same status as the whites. For him, dependency on the whites was out of question. The blacks needed education in order to be at the same level as the whites hence he advocated for removal of segregation in schools. All human beings are equal, hence the whites and the blacks could perform same tasks, have same rights of voting
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Emotions are like the recurring storms and every storm leaves behind it, devastation in different degrees. Is it possible to find an authentic solution, viewed from all angles, to the problem of racism in America? The pages of American history daubed in bloodshed in the name of ethnicity and color asks the crying question.
Wolff notes that African Americans have come a long way to be where they are today (par. 1). They have had to overcome many challenges, including racial discrimination, segregation, political and economic injustice mated on them by their white counterparts.
After World War I, everyone, particularly the African Americans hoped to find equality and harmony in the country. They nurtured great expectations due to their excellent work and war records they possessed. There were thousand of Black Americans serving in the war in different capacities such as Black road builders, Black trucking Companies, etc.
To make a comparison between them, it would be logical to first discuss Malcolm X who is more popular in an urban sense and then focus on Martin Luther King who appears to be more acceptable as a populist leader.
Northerners created a face of Abolitionists and claimed to end slavery because it was immoral, as they believed. Most of them believed that everyone is supposed to be treated equally as stated in Constitution and slavery had
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