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African American History:the Harlem Renaissance and the Black Power Era - Research Paper Example

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Summary
The history of African Americans is one that is worth pursuing because it is full of emotions.In the North American continent,the history of the African American people can be seen as having started in early 15th century,and on the wrong foot…
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African American History:the Harlem Renaissance and the Black Power Era
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African American History:the Harlem Renaissance and the Black Power Era

Download file to see previous pages... People of African descent were kept as slaves by white people in the United States and lived a life of slavery with neither civil nor political rights. Even basic human rights were denied to most of them who were kept in deplorable conditions, working many hours a day without pay. After the civil war during Abraham Lincoln’s administration, slavery was abolished in the United States (Zieger, 2007). However, even after the end of the civil war in 1865, the woes of the African Americans did not end immediately. They still did not have civil or political rights and life was just too difficult for most of them. Most of them, especially those in the southern parts of United States were still living under slavery conditions in extreme poverty. As Phelan (2009) says in his response to Zieger’s book, not even non racial unionization of back labour would help in solving this problem especially due to the differences in ethnic densities in the labour unions. Even those who managed to acquire some land for farming were never able to get the descent life that the average white people were living. In most northern parts of the United States however, there was hope for these poor African Americans. In New York for example, most of these African Americans especially those who had managed to get some education, were able to live much better lives. The Harlem area in New York City was a haven for black people and by early 20th century, it attracted a black middle class. This led to the famous Harlem Renaissance which apart from being concentrated in the New York Harlem area, was also felt elsewhere around the world such as by French Speaking North Africans especially those who lived in France. The fifteenth amendment The fifteenth amendment of the American constitution in 1870 was another important milestone in the history of African American people. This amendment gave people of African ethnicity to vote and therefore restored the civil and political power to them. As it was to be, this as a very big milestone and paved way for more development with regard to the status of the African American people (Scheper, 2008). The same year, Hiram Revels was elected to the Mississippi senate. In 1891 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded and prominent African American leader belonged to the group. According to Woodard (1999), Like the establishment of universal voting rights in the earlier years, the founding of this associating also gave black people more strength and power to move on with the struggle for complete independence. The Harlem Renaissance Apart from the American civil war which brought the dawn for the emancipation of black people in the United States, the Harlem Renaissance was one of the major events which reshaped the history of African Americans and changed it for good. During the Harlem Renaissance, a number of important things happened. The first was the development of the black middle class in the northern parts of the United States of America and especially the New York region. Harlem in New York City was the centrepiece of this new black movement. The Harlem Renaissance was as much a rebirth of people from the African American ethnic group as it was a reassertion of their intellectual abilities. The Renaissance saw numerous of African American intellectuals writing a lot of books about their experiences and other important issues. Its peak is believed to have been between early 1920s and 1929, the year of the famous collapse of the stock market which also marked the start of the great economic depression in the United Sta ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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