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According to the online encyclopedia, Wikipedia, ‘In military or police operations, rules of engagement (ROE) determine when, where and how force shall be used.’ The rules of engagement are designed so as to ensure that uncontrolled violence is prevented, civilian casualties are minimized and the conflict does not escalate. However, restrictive rules of engagement undermine the ability of the military or police to resolve a conflict, as, according to many critics of the war, was the case in the US invasion of Vietnam (1959).
The US president at the time, Lyndon Johnson, in order to contain the conflict set down strict rules of engagement that hindered the forces from striking or utilizing force in certain areas. This was done in order to thwart the perceived threat of Soviet or Chinese intervention and to gain support at home. President Johnson wanted the conflict to be restricted to South Vietnam, although aerial bombings in North Vietnam were allowed at certain point in the war. He believed the war was a counter-insurgency battle and the rules of engagement thus were justified.
The Secretary of Defense, Robert Mcnamara, authored the rules of engagement. He saw the Vietnamese invasion as a ground war and thus saw little use of the US air force. Thus, the rules of engagement he designed restricted the aerial fighting the most. Mcnamara too saw the entire conflict as a counter-insurgency battle and thus tailored the rules of engagement to be such that most military strategies and moves were to be self-defensive. It was not until the Gulf of Tonkin incident in the August of 1964 that U.S. air strikes were allowed to be more aggressive.
It is no surprise that the rules of engagement set down by the civilian suits in the government were not very popular with the military strategists. General William Westmoreland was a key architect of the military strategy. In order to avoid further disaster, he forbade any unit smaller then 750 men from
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This paper discusses various aspects that are adopted by organizations to enhance employee engagement. Employee engagement is an important aspect in the field of management that has attracted attention in the recent history. Researchers have started investigating factors that have implications on the level of employee engagement in an organization.
Diseases such as small pox, typhoid, and polio are just among the few infectious diseases that condemned many people to death and left indelible marks of scars and disfigurations. A case in point is the polio epidemic that reaped the thousand lives of civilians in the early twentieth century.
Many civilians of these rural areas often look to their larger metropolitan newspapers, as a sufficient source for timely news and information. However, much of their own rural, community news is never covered by metropolitan papers; only the “big city” news is covered (Cherry).
Although these rules could be publically known, for instance in case of martial law or curfew situations, but the complete knowledge regarding them lies only with the force that uses it. Body During any war there is always a possibility that the required discipline gets disrupted.
When he does visit the troops, the atmosphere turns into that of renewed enthusiasm, chivalry and patriotism. That is the nearest the highest civilian-military commander can get to his troops having directed his strategic command and orders most of the time from the war room and through the regular chain of command from the Commander-in-Chief down the line.
These rules might be wide-ranging or otherwise. ROE is an instrument utilized by a commander. This is mainly to delineate the parameters when, the methodology to be applied, the duration and level against what target to use force, usually fatal force (Bolgiano, 2012).
It is against this background that conventional wars involve the leadership in training and writing for Rules of Engagement (ROE). ROE are those responses that are allowed to be employed by the army personnel in the course of their duties or military operations (Collins, 2005).
These articles lay particular emphasis on the value of stimulating reading interest for the purpose of achieving effective literacy learning. These articles not only focus on the importance of reading engagement for successful literacy learning, but also provide various means and strategies through which teachers and classroom instructors can increase their students’ interest in reading.